Glossary

Click on the letters to browse the content alphabetically.

Term Definition
C and G Search for term C and G

City and Guilds is the only awarding body solely dedicated to vocational learning, with a portfolio ranging from construction and engineering to beauty therapy, retailing and English language.

C of E Search for term C of E

Church of England

CA Search for term CA

Chronological age.

Cabinet Office Search for term Cabinet Office

The Cabinet Office coordinates policy and strategy across Government departments.

CAD Search for term CAD

Computer-Aided Design and computer-aided manufacture software is used in design and technology classes, often allowing pupils to design, make and adapt products using the same computer.

CAF Search for term CAF

The Common Assessment Framework is a standardised approach to conducting an assessment of a child's additional needs and deciding how those needs should be met. It can be used by practitioners across children's services in England.

CAL Search for term CAL

Computer-Aided (or Assisted) Learning.

CAM Search for term CAM

Curriculum Area Manager / Computer-Aided Manufacture.

Cambridge Assessment Search for term Cambridge Assessment

Also known as the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), Cambridge Assessment incorporates three examination bodies, including OCR.

Cambridge Education Search for term Cambridge Education

A global education services company working with partners whose business is education (schools, public sector agencies, education institutions and organisations, donors and charities, and governments).

CAMHS Search for term CAMHS

Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services provide high quality, multidisciplinary mental health services to all children and young people with mental health problems and disorders.

Campaign for State Education Search for term Campaign for State Education

CASE is an education campaign group which campaigns for the right of all to the highest quality state education, regardless of race, gender, home circumstances, ability or disability.

Campus Search for term Campus

The school buildings and grounds. Sometimes also referred to as the school estate.

CAP Search for term CAP

Becta's Communication Aids Project ran from 1 April 2002 to 31 March 2006. It has now ended and it is no longer possible to make applications for equipment.

Capital expenditure Search for term Capital expenditure

Spending on building projects and equipment above a designated value.

Capital modernisation fund Search for term Capital modernisation fund

Funding intended to assist in raising educational standards by contributing towards the capital investment in school buildings, according to each LA's asset management plan.

Care leaver Search for term Care leaver

A young person who has previously been looked after by a local authority. The local authority has a duty to keep in touch with care leavers until they are at least 21.

Care to learn Search for term Care to learn

A scheme which provides financial support for teenage parents who want to continue in, or return to, learning. It helps with the cost of their childcare and travel.

Career development loan Search for term Career development loan

A bank loan designed to help adult learners pay for work-related learning. CDLs are available through an arrangement between the Learning and Skills Council (LSC) and three high street banks.

Careers education and guidance Search for term Careers education and guidance

A framework for advising students about the range of careers open to them on leaving school. Secondary schools must provide curriculum-based careers education for all pupils.

Carer Search for term Carer

A person named by an LA to care for a child for whom the Social Services Department has parental responsibility, such a child who is the subject of a care order in a residential or foster placement.

CASE Search for term CASE

Cognitive Acceleration in Science Education / Campaign for State Education

Casting vote Search for term Casting vote

An additional vote to be used by the chair of governors if an equal number of votes are cast for and against a motion.

CAT Search for term CAT

Cognitive Ability Test, produced by the National Foundation for Educational Research. CAT3 tests reasoning abilities and provides indicators of future results in national tests.

Catchment area Search for term Catchment area

A defined area around a school, within which some admissions authorities give priority to children who live there.

CCEA Search for term CCEA

Council for the Curriculum, Examinations and Assessment is a non-departmental public body reporting to the Department of Education in Northern Ireland.

CCP Search for term CCP

Childcare Partnership - see Early Years Development and Childcare Partnership (EYDCP).

CCTA Search for term CCTA

City College for the Technology of the Arts

CD Search for term CD

Creative Development is one of the six interdependent areas of learning and development which make up the Foundation Stage.

CDC Search for term CDC

The Council for Disabled Children provides a national forum for the discussion and development of policy and practice relating to services and support for disabled children and young people.

CDL Search for term CDL

A Career Development Loan is a bank loan designed to help adult learners pay for work-related learning. CDLs are available through an arrangement between the Learning and Skills Council (LSC) and three high street banks.

CEA Search for term CEA

Cambridge Education Associates. Merged with Cambridge Education Consultants (CEC) in 2003 to form Cambridge Education.

CEDC Search for term CEDC

The Community Education Development Centre merged with Education Extra in October 2003 to form ContinYou.

CEDP Search for term CEDP

The Career Entry and Development Profile offers structured guidance to teachers at three points in their professional development: towards the end of their ITT programme and at the start and end of induction.

CEG Search for term CEG

Careers Education and Guidance. A framework for advising students about the range of careers open to them on leaving school. Secondary schools must provide curriculum-based careers education for all pupils.

CEL Search for term CEL

Central Expenditure Limit / Centre for Educational Leadership / Centre for Excellence in Leadership

CEM centre Search for term CEM centre

The Curriculum, Evaluation and Management Centre, based at Durham University in north east England, provides confidential indicator systems to schools and colleges.

Central expenditure limit Search for term Central expenditure limit

The CEL is the total amount of funding by which an LA can increase its schools budget from one year to the next to use for non-delegated provision.

Centre for Educational Leadership Search for term Centre for Educational Leadership

The Centre for Educational Leadership (CEL), based at the University of Manchester, offers 23 leadership, team and organisational development programmes.

Centre for Excellence in Leadership Search for term Centre for Excellence in Leadership

An agency which aims to improve standards of leadership within the learning and skills sector. CEL's remit is to foster and support leadership improvement, reform and transformation throughout the sector.

Centre for Procurement Performance Search for term Centre for Procurement Performance

The CPP is a unit set up to encourage schools, colleges and other education providers to spend public money more efficiently.

Centre of Vocational Excellence Search for term Centre of Vocational Excellence

Specialist centres of post-16 vocational provision that link providers, employers and the wider community.

CEO Search for term CEO

Chief Education Officer.

CET Search for term CET

Continuing Education and Training for adults.

CfBT Search for term CfBT

CfBT Education Trust is an education consultancy and service organisation which aims to provide education for public benefit both in the UK and internationally.

CFE Search for term CFE

The Countryside Foundation for Education provides outdoor learning opportunities for up to 20,000 school children every year through a series of countryside visits to farms and estates across the UK.

CfPS Search for term CfPS

The Centre for Public Scrutiny exists to promote the value of scrutiny in modern and effective government in order to improve the quality of public services.

CFR Search for term CFR

The Consistent Financial Reporting framework, based on responses received from the initial consultation, was produced in conjunction with the Audit Commission and Ofsted.

CGLI Search for term CGLI

City and Guilds of London Institute

Chair of governors Search for term Chair of governors

The role of the chair includes running meetings, working with the head of the school and ensuring that the governing body's affairs are conducted in accordance with the law.

Charity Commission Search for term Charity Commission

The Charity Commission is established by law as the regulator and registrar for charities in England and Wales.

Chartered London Teacher Search for term Chartered London Teacher

Chartered London Teacher status was launched in September 2004, and is designed to recognise and reward the skills and expertise of London teachers.

CHI Search for term CHI

The support society for Children of Higher Intelligence is a support organisation for the benefit of the young and intellectually gifted.

Child protection register Search for term Child protection register

A central register which lists all the children in an area covered by a Social Services Department who are considered to be suffering from, or are likely to suffer, significant harm and for which there is a child protection plan.

Child tax credit Search for term Child tax credit

A means-tested allowance for parents and carers of children or young people who are still in full-time non-advanced education or approved training.

Childcare approval scheme Search for term Childcare approval scheme

This programme has now been replaced by the Ofsted Childcare Register.

ChildcareLink Search for term ChildcareLink

The ChildcareLink national website provides childcare and early years information collected from over 170 English and Scottish LAs, with sign-posting information from the Welsh National Assembly.

Childminder Search for term Childminder

Childminders look after children under five and school-age children after-school and in the holidays. The LA decides how many children a childminder can care for.

Children 'in need' Search for term Children 'in need'

This is defined under section 17(10) of the Children Act 1989. See the SEN glossary for a detailed definition.

Children and young people's plan Search for term Children and young people's plan

The CYPP is an LA's strategic plan for children's education and social services functions, covering all LA services from Sure Start to 14 to 19 education policy.

Children's centre Search for term Children's centre

A centre providing help and advice on health, education, family support and care for parents of young children.

Children's Commissioner Search for term Children's Commissioner

The Office of the Children's Commissioner is an independent organisation that was set up by parliament as part of the Children Act 2004 to look after the interests and act as the voice of children and young people.

Children's Fund Search for term Children's Fund

A programme which provides funding for child protection schemes and support networks.

Children's trust Search for term Children's trust

Children's trusts bring together all services for children and young people in an area, underpinned by the duties defined in the Children Act 2004 to cooperate, to focus on improving outcomes for all children and young people.

ChIS Search for term ChIS

The Childcare Information Service is the database system that manages childcare data between the local Children's Information Services and the ChildcareLink website

CIHE Search for term CIHE

The Council for Industry and Higher Education is a high-level partnership between leading people from a wide range of businesses, universities and colleges.

CILT Search for term CILT

CILT, the National Centre for Languages, is the Government's recognised centre of expertise on languages. It aims to promote a greater capability in languages amongst all sectors of the UK population.

Circle time Search for term Circle time

A group activity in which any number of people (although anything up to about twenty is most practical) sit down together with the purpose of furthering understanding of themselves and of one another.

Circular Search for term Circular

A policy statement issued by a Government department, which does not have the status of law, but which gives guidance on interpretation and implementation of the law.

CIS Search for term CIS

Children's Information Services. Each local authority should have a CIS giving details on childcare and children's issues.

CITB Search for term CITB

The Construction Industry Training Board aims to initiate, improve and facilitate training and develop training standards used in the construction industry.

citiZED Search for term citiZED

citizED is an organisation for citizenship education funded by the TDA. It is a collaboration within higher education for all providers of initial teacher education in citizenship.

Citizenship Search for term Citizenship

The three inter-related components that should run through all education for citizenship are social and moral responsibility, community involvement and political literacy.

City and Guilds Search for term City and Guilds

C and G is the only awarding body solely dedicated to vocational learning. Over 1.5 million learners work towards a City and Guilds qualification every year.

City learning centre Search for term City learning centre

CLCs provide ICT-based learning opportunities for the pupils at the host school, for pupils at a network of surrounding schools and for the wider community.

City technology college Search for term City technology college

City technology colleges are free, independent, all-ability, private-sector sponsored schools. Their purpose is to offer pupils in urban areas the opportunity to study a curriculum geared towards the world of work.

CLA Search for term CLA

Copyright Licensing Agency / Copyright Licensing Agreement. The CLA is a non profit-making company that licenses organisations for photocopying and scanning from magazines, books and journals.

CLAIT Search for term CLAIT

Computer Literacy and Information Technology is an ICT qualification offered by the OCR at three levels. Level 1 is suitable for beginners and level 3 is equivalent to NVQ 3 and A level standard.

Classroom management Search for term Classroom management

The management of student behaviour and learning activities by teachers. This is done through designing activities in ways that structure relationships to support learning, such as the use of rewards and sanctions.

CLC Search for term CLC

City Learning Centres provide ICT-based learning opportunities for the pupils at the host school, for pupils at a network of surrounding schools and for the wider community.

Clearing Search for term Clearing

A process by which students who wish to progress to higher education and have not met the required grade for their first-choice institution sift through a bank of courses which still have vacancies.

Clerk to the governing body Search for term Clerk to the governing body

A person appointed to carry out administrative duties for a school's governing body, such as preparing an agenda, taking minutes of meetings, dealing with correspondence, and advising on legal and procedural matters.

CLL Search for term CLL

Communication, Language and Literacy is one of the six interdependent areas of learning and development which make up the Foundation Stage.

CLPE Search for term CLPE

The Centre for Literacy in Primary Education is an educational centre for schools and teachers, parents, teaching assistants and other educators.

CLT Search for term CLT

Chartered London Teacher status was launched in September 2004, and is designed to recognise and reward the skills and expertise of London teachers.

Cluster Search for term Cluster

A group of schools, normally geographically close together, which is subject to an initial projection of pupil numbers.

CME Search for term CME

Children Missing Education.

Co-educational Search for term Co-educational

The teaching of pupils of both sexes in the same school or college.

Coaching Search for term Coaching

Classroom observation and feedback on specific aspects of practice by colleagues or by external CPD providers.

Cognition Search for term Cognition

The mental operations involved in thinking; the biological/neurological processes of the brain that facilitate thought. Sometimes contrasted with affect or emotion and conation (wanting or willing).

Cognitive ability test Search for term Cognitive ability test

Cognitive Assessment Tests are produced by GL Assessment (previously National Foundation for Educational Research). CAT3 tests reasoning abilities and provides indicators of future results in national tests.

Cognitive Acceleration in Science Education Search for term Cognitive Acceleration in Science Education

The CASE programme encourages pupils to pay attention to variables and their manipulation and to reflect on their thinking.

COGS Search for term COGS

Coordinators of Governor Services largely operate on a regional level. Nine regional groups in England and Wales act as professional networks for LA providers of services to school governors.

Cohort Search for term Cohort

Pupils are banded together into a cohort defined by their year group or ability.

COI Search for term COI

The Central Office of Information aims to enable central Government and public sector bodies to secure policy objectives through achieving maximum communication effectiveness and best value for money.

COIC Search for term COIC

The Careers and Occupational Information Centre. Careers guidance publications formerly distributed by COIC are now distributed by Connexions.

Collaboration Search for term Collaboration

In terms of school governing bodies, this is defined as two or more bodies arranging for any of their functions to be discharged jointly by holding joint meetings and/or having joint committees.

Collective worship Search for term Collective worship

All maintained schools provide daily collective worship for registered pupils (apart from those who have been withdrawn by their parents). This is usually provided within a daily assembly.

Combining units Search for term Combining units

Helping children make connections between subjects and transfer their learning from one subject to another is an essential part of successful curriculum planning and making learning more coherent.

Common Assessment Framework Search for term Common Assessment Framework

The CAF is a standardised approach to conducting an assessment of a child's additional needs and deciding how those needs should be met. It can be used by practitioners across children's services in England.

Common transfer file Search for term Common transfer file

When pupils transfer schools, the CTF is used to ensure that specific information about the pupil is transferred from the old to the new school.

Communication aids project Search for term Communication aids project

Becta's Communication Aids Project ran from 1st April 2002 to 31st March 2006. It has now ended and it is not possible to make applications for equipment.

Communication, Language and Literacy Development Search for term Communication, Language and Literacy Development

CLLD provides guidance for all those involved in early literacy development to ensure all children experience best practice in the teaching of early reading and phonics aligned to the recommendations of the Rose Review.

Community Search for term Community

This includes not only those within schools pupils, staff and governors but also people in the wider community, for example parents and carers, suppliers, local organisations and businesses.

Community cohesion Search for term Community cohesion

It is a statutory requirement for all notices for a new school to include a description of what the proposals are intended to deliver in terms of community cohesion.

Community of enquiry Search for term Community of enquiry

The process of developing knowledge and understanding by participating in purposeful dialogue or collaborative discussion. Also the teaching technique used in Philosophy for Children with a class of pupils.

Community school Search for term Community school

Community schools are very similar to former county schools. The LA employs the school's staff, owns the school's land and buildings and has primary responsibility for admissions arrangements.

Community special school Search for term Community special school

These are the special school equivalent of mainstream community schools which cater wholly or mainly for children with statutory statements of special educational needs.

Comprehensive school Search for term Comprehensive school

A secondary school for pupils of all abilities.

Computer-aided manufacture Search for term Computer-aided manufacture

CAM is used in design and technology. Computer-controlled equipment enables a pupil to produce an item, or multiples of an item, through a fast, high-precision manufacturing process.

Conation Search for term Conation

The act of willing or wanting, as defined in Bloom's taxonomy of thinking skills.

Concept mapping Search for term Concept mapping

Representing information in diagram form where key words are linked by lines. These lines are then labelled to express the relationship between the terms. The resulting 'map' shows links between key ideas and terms.

Concordats Search for term Concordats

Documents which explain the working agreements between different Government departments and agencies involved in education, learning and skills.

Concrete preparation Search for term Concrete preparation

An initial phase in teaching of thinking skills in which teachers introduce new vocabulary and set the context in which problems will be set.

ConfEd Search for term ConfEd

Confederation of Children's Services Managers. It was replaced by Association of Directors of Children's Services in 2007.

Connexions Search for term Connexions

A service that provides a single point of access for all 13-19-year-olds to help them prepare for the transition to work and adult life.

Connexions card Search for term Connexions card

The Connexions Card allowed 16-to-19-year-olds to collect reward points for learning, training and volunteering. The scheme closed in February 2007

Consistent Financial Reporting Search for term Consistent Financial Reporting

The CFR framework, based on responses received from the initial consultation, was produced in conjunction with the Audit Commission and Ofsted.

Constructivism Search for term Constructivism

A view of learning in which learners are seen as building or developing their own understanding of how the world works from their experience and interaction with people around them.

Contextual value added Search for term Contextual value added

CVA aims to take account of factors such as deprivation, or special educational needs, when measuring the effectiveness of a school or the progress made by individual pupils.

Continuing Professional Development Search for term Continuing Professional Development

Continuing Professional Development for school staff is a balance of personal and professional development, attendance at nationally accredited courses and small-scale school-based activities.

ContinYou Search for term ContinYou

ContinYou uses learning to tackle inequality and build social inclusion through learning programmes and services that offer fresh opportunities to people who have gained least from formal education and training.

Controlled drugs Search for term Controlled drugs

Drugs which are controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (also known as illegal drugs).

Controlled school Search for term Controlled school

These are schools in Northern Ireland which come under the control of Education and Library Boards.

Coordinated admissions Search for term Coordinated admissions

As of 2005, LAs are required by section 48 of the Education Act 2002 to coordinate school admissions in order to eliminate, as far as possible, parents receiving multiple offers of school places.

Core subjects Search for term Core subjects

English, mathematics and science are the subjects that must be studied by all pupils at every key stage. Progress is assessed through national assessment tasks and tests.

COSHH Search for term COSHH

Control of Substances Hazardous to Health. Using chemicals or other hazardous substances at work can put people's health at risk. The law requires employers to control exposure to prevent ill health.

Counselling Search for term Counselling

Intervention involving the provision of advice or support on a personal basis by someone who has been trained to provide that support.

County school Search for term County school

See 'community school'

Coursework Search for term Coursework

Independent work completed by students as part of an assessed qualification.

CoVE Search for term CoVE

Centres of Vocational Excellence are specialist areas of vocational provision linking providers, employers and the wider community.

CPAG Search for term CPAG

Child Poverty Action Group is a charity campaigning for the abolition of poverty among children in the UK and for the improvement of the lives of low-income families

CPD Search for term CPD

Continuing Professional Development for school staff is a balance of personal and professional development, attendance at nationally accredited courses and small-scale school-based activities.

CPI Search for term CPI

Child Protection Initiative, Child Protection Investigator.

CPP Search for term CPP

The Centre for Procurement Performance is a unit set up to encourage schools, colleges and other education providers to spend public money more efficiently.

CPS Search for term CPS

The Common Pay Scale is the starting point for teachers' salary scales.

CRAC Search for term CRAC

The Careers Research and Advisory Centre provides information and advice on further education and lifelong career development.

CRB Search for term CRB

The Criminal Records Bureau is a body which provides checks of a prospective employee's background, referring to records held by police, DH and DCSF. Levels of disclosure are Basic, Standard and Enhanced.

CRE Search for term CRE

From 1 October 2007, the Commission for Equality and Human Rights took on the role and functions of the Commission for Racial Equality (CRE), the Disability Rights Commission (DRC) and the Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC).

Creating the picture Search for term Creating the picture

Creating the picture defines the principles, process and purpose of assessment in the early years. Observational assessment is a key component of effective practice and is the means by which the next steps in a child's learning are identified. It enables practitioners to ensure that their provision meets the developmental and learning needs of the children in their setting.

Creative thinking Search for term Creative thinking

Producing new ideas or thoughts. Imaginative thinking aimed at producing outcomes involving synthesis of ideas or lateral thinking, or thinking that is not analytical or deductive. Also known as divergent thinking.

Critical thinking Search for term Critical thinking

Determining the authenticity, accuracy, or value of something. Characterised by the ability to seek reasons and alternatives, perceive the complete situation, and change one's view based on evidence and reasoning.

Cross-boundary flow Search for term Cross-boundary flow

A pupil living in one local authority (LA) area, but attending another LA's school is part of a cross-boundary flow 'out' of the area. A pupil at a school who lives in another LA is part of a cross-boundary 'in-flow'.

CSIE Search for term CSIE

The Centre for Studies on Inclusive Education is an independent centre working in the UK and overseas to promote inclusion and end segregation. It is funded by donations from trusts, foundations and grants.

CTC Search for term CTC

City technology colleges are free, independent, all-ability, private-sector sponsored schools. Their purpose is to offer pupils in urban areas the opportunity to study a curriculum geared towards the world of work.

CTF Search for term CTF

Common transfer file. When pupils transfer schools, the CTF is used to ensure that specific information about the pupil is transferred from the old to the new school.

Curricular governor Search for term Curricular governor

The terms curricular, link or specific-subject governor are often used for governors who are given responsibility for specific subjects.

Curriculum Area Manager Search for term Curriculum Area Manager

Manages a curriculum area to ensure the achievement of quality academic standards, business and financial goals.

Curriculum Online Search for term Curriculum Online

The Curriculum Online website was created to provide an online repository of free and costed electronic learning resources. The site was intended to be used by education professionals to source and purchase resources using electronic learning credits (eLCs). The site was launched in late 2002 and closed at the end of August 2008.

Curriculum planning Search for term Curriculum planning

Curriculum planning involves gaining an overview of the learning objectives which need to be taught over the course of a term or year, positioning them in groups in a logical sequence, and planning a sequence of lessons that will ensure the objectives are taught over the course of the term or academic year.

CVA Search for term CVA

Contextual Value Added aims to take account of factors such as deprivation, or special educational needs, when measuring the effectiveness of a school or the progress made by individual pupils.

CVC Search for term CVC

Consonant-Vowel Cluster. Term used in phonics. Also may mean Consonant-Vowel-Consonant - a CVC word is one containing a consonant, vowel and a final consonant (e.g. cat, hat)

Cyber bullying Search for term Cyber bullying

An aggressive, intentional act carried out by a group or individual, using electronic forms of contact, repeatedly over time against a victim who cannot easily defend him or herself.

CYPP Search for term CYPP

The Children and Young People's Plan. Local authorities' strategic plan for children's education and social services functions, covering all local authority services from Sure Start to 14 to 19 education policy.

Classroom Quality Standards (CQS) Search for term Classroom Quality Standards (CQS)

The Classroom Quality Standards (CQS) for Gifted and Talented education is a tool to support teachers and other classroom practitioners to reflect on their own practice and to plan further development and action research. See also: Gifted and Talented (G&T), Institutional Quality Standards (IQS), Local Authority Quality Standards (LAQS).

Closed questions Search for term Closed questions

Those where the answer is already known by the questioner or require minimum responses.

Conversion Search for term Conversion

A measure of pupils' progress. For instance, it is possible to see how many pupils in school ‘convert’ from level 4 or 5 as they move through Key Stage 3. The main objective of intervention in Key Stage 3 is to achieve conversion from level 3 to level 5. Intervention will also be appropriate for pupils who enter at level 4 and make little or no progress.

CQS Search for term CQS

See Classroom Quality Standards (CQS).

Critical teaching units Search for term Critical teaching units

Units of work for English and mathematics that are designed to accelerate the progress of a whole teaching group towards reaching the expected level.

Cumulative talk Search for term Cumulative talk

Where speakers build positively but uncritically on what the other has said. It is characterised by repetitions, confirmations and elaborations.

Curricular targets Search for term Curricular targets

The areas identified from data and other information, in which whole classes, groups or individual pupils need to make progress if they are to achieve the level targeted for them. The scope of a curricular target is similar to that of an assessment focus or a Framework key objective. Once identified, teachers need to focus their teaching to these curricular targets and pupils' progress needs to be explicitly tracked to ensure they are confidently and independently applying the skills taught.