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Glossary

Click on the letters to browse the content alphabetically.

Term Definition
DaDA Search for term DaDA

Dance and Drama awards help talented students over the age of 16 to pay for tuition in dance and drama. The Awards are available at some of England's leading private performing arts institutions.

Dance and Drama Awards Search for term Dance and Drama Awards

Scholarships which help talented students over the age of 16 to pay for tuition in dance and drama. The Awards are available at some of England's leading private performing arts institutions.

DAT Search for term DAT

Drug Action Teams are multi-agency teams within LAs with responsibility for the local delivery of the drugs strategy. They involve education, health, police, social services, youth service and the voluntary sector.

Data Protection Act Search for term Data Protection Act

The Data Protection Act requires anyone who handles personal information to comply with a number of important principles. It also gives individuals rights over their personal information.

Day nursery Search for term Day nursery

These take children under five for the whole working day. Children can attend on a part-time or full-time basis. They can be run by LAs, voluntary bodies, private companies, individuals or employers.

DCA Search for term DCA

The Department for Constitutional Affairs is the Government department responsible for upholding justice, rights and democracy.

DCLG Search for term DCLG

The Department for Communities and Local Government has a remit to promote community cohesion and equality, as well as responsibility for housing, urban regeneration, planning and local government.

DCMS Search for term DCMS

Department for Culture, Media and Sport aims to improve the quality of life for all through cultural and sporting activities, to support the pursuit of excellence and to champion tourism, creativity and leisure.

DCSF Search for term DCSF

The Department for Children, Schools and Families was set up in June 2007 to take on the responsibilities for education and children's services previously held by the DfES. The Department of Innovation, Universities and Skills took on the remit for science, research and innovation and skills.

Dedicated schools grant Search for term Dedicated schools grant

DSG is a ring-fenced grant that, as of 2006-07, replaced the Schools Formula Spending Share (SFSS).

Delegated budget Search for term Delegated budget

Maintained schools have a budget share based on a formula. The right to spend this budget is normally delegated to the governing body to be spent for any purpose, or carried forward to the next financial year.

Delegated power Search for term Delegated power

Authority given by the governing body to a committee, an individual or the headteacher to take action on behalf of the governing body.

DELLS Search for term DELLS

Department for Education, Lifelong Learning and Skills in Wales. Information previously found on ACCAC's website is now on the DELLS area of the Welsh Assembly Government site under 'Curriculum and assessment' and 'Learning and qualifications'.

Demonstrating Search for term Demonstrating

Showing children how to do something, how to perform a skill or a technique, how to carry out a process, how to repeat and practise what they have been shown.

DENI Search for term DENI

Department of Education for Northern Ireland is responsible for the central administration of all aspects of education and related services in Northern Ireland, except for higher and further education.

Denominational school Search for term Denominational school

A school with its own particular beliefs, organisation and practices.

Depth Search for term Depth

Learning opportunities which set pupils demanding challenges that develop their skills and abilities, requiring them to engage with a level of complexity and detail not found in breadth of study alone.

DES Search for term DES

Department of Education and Science - the name of the DCSF until 6 July 1992, when it became the Department for Education (DFE). Previous department names are retained in references to printed material.

Designated teacher Search for term Designated teacher

A person who liaises with other services on behalf of young people in care.

Devolved formula capital Search for term Devolved formula capital

LAs are required to allocate this funding directly to schools using a simple formula. It is used to help support the capital needs of school buildings.

Devolved funding Search for term Devolved funding

Funding that has been allocated for a specific purpose and can only be spent for that purpose. There are no powers to carry this funding forward. Unspent balances revert to the local authority at the end of the relevant period.

DFC Search for term DFC

Devolved Formula Capital. LAs are required to allocate this funding directly to schools using a simple formula. It is used to help support the capital needs of school buildings.

DFE Search for term DFE

Department for Education (DFE). The name of the DCSF from 6 July 1992 to 4 July 1995, when it became Department for Education and Employment (DfEE). Previous names are retained in references to printed material.

DfEE Search for term DfEE

The Department for Education and Employment became the DfES in June 2001, before the establishment of the DCSF in June 2007. Previous names are retained in references to printed material.

DfES Search for term DfES

The Department for Education and Skills was disbanded on 28 June 2007, and its remit was taken on by two new departments: the Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) and the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS).

DfT Search for term DfT

DfT's objective is to oversee the delivery of a reliable, safe and secure transport system that responds efficiently to the needs of individuals and business while safeguarding the environment.

DH Search for term DH

Department of Health. The aim of the DH is to improve the health and well-being of people in England.

DHT Search for term DHT

Deputy headteachers play a major role in managing the school and are responsible for the school in the absence of the headteacher.

Dialogue Search for term Dialogue

Shared enquiry between two or more people.

DiDA Search for term DiDA

The Diploma in Digital Applications is a suite of qualifications, progressing from the Award (AiDA), equivalent to one GCSE, to the Certificate (CiDA), and on to the full Diploma (DiDA), equivalent to four GCSEs.

Differentiation Search for term Differentiation

The use of a range of teaching methods and materials to teach the same curriculum to pupils with different learning needs.

DipHE Search for term DipHE

Diploma of Higher Education. Lasts two years and can be combined with professional or vocational qualifications, and can often be converted to a degree with further study.

Directed number Search for term Directed number

In using numbers to represent situations we sometimes need to know the direction as well as the size of the number. An example of this is temperature, in which direction is indicated as either positive or negative.

Directgov Search for term Directgov

Produced by the Central Office of Information, Directgov is a website providing information from across Government departments on topics ranging from travel safety and parental leave to special educational needs.

Director of children's services Search for term Director of children's services

The person responsible for the implementation of children's services within an LA.

Disaffection Search for term Disaffection

Pupils described as being disaffected are alienated from their educational experiences, resulting in demotivation or other negative attitudes to learning.

Disapplication Search for term Disapplication

The process by which a pupil is released from the demands of the national curriculum.

Disapplied pupil Search for term Disapplied pupil

A small number of pupils are disapplied from assessments if all or part of the National Curriculum is unsuitable due to their special educational needs. Disapplication is an exceptional provision.

Discipline Committee Search for term Discipline Committee

The governing body of a school must establish a Discipline Committee to review exclusions and consider any representations made by parents.

Distance learning Search for term Distance learning

Distance learning is learning by students who are at a remote location, typically home or work, using specially prepared materials and with tutor support.

Distributed leadership Search for term Distributed leadership

Strategies to enable curriculum and pastoral leaders in schools to take an active role in school development.

DIUS Search for term DIUS

The Department of Innovation, Universities and Skills was set up in June 2007 to take on the responsibilities for science, research, innovation and skills previously held by the DfES and the DTI.

DPC Search for term DPC

Data Protection Commissioner.

Draw-and-write strategies Search for term Draw-and-write strategies

Inviting pupils, without prior information, to draw a picture about a particular issue and then write notes explaining the drawing. Supplementary questions are asked to ascertain their prior knowledge and beliefs.

DRB Search for term DRB

Designated Recommending Bodies are partnerships of schools, LAs and initial teacher training (ITT) providers that deliver the Graduate Teacher Programme (GTP).

DRC Search for term DRC

The Equality and Human Rights Commission now undertakes the work previously carried out by Equal Opportunities Commission, the Commission for Racial Equality, and the Disability Rights Commission.

Drug Action Team Search for term Drug Action Team

DATs are multi-agency teams within LAs with responsibility for the local delivery of the drugs strategy. They involve education, health, police, social services, youth service and the voluntary sector.

Drug incident Search for term Drug incident

Suspicion or evidence of any situation or specific event involving a drug. This could relate to a pupil, parent/carer or staff member.

Drug misuse Search for term Drug misuse

Drug taking which leads a person to experience social, psychological, physical or legal problems related to intoxication or regular excessive consumption and/or dependence.

Drug use Search for term Drug use

Any drug taking, such as consuming alcohol, taking medication or using illegal drugs.

DSG Search for term DSG

The Dedicated Schools Grant is a ring-fenced grant that, as of 2006-07, replaced the Schools Formula Spending Share (SFSS).

DT Search for term DT

Design and Technology is a National Curriculum subject which is compulsory at Key Stage 3 and optional at Key Stage 4.

DTI Search for term DTI

The Department of Trade and Industry was replaced by the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform in June 2007.

Duty of care Search for term Duty of care

The responsibility of teachers and other education professionals to take reasonable steps to ensure the safety of the children in their care.

Dyscalculia Search for term Dyscalculia

Pupils with dyscalculia have difficulty acquiring mathematical skills. They may have problems with simple number concepts, lack an intuitive grasp of numbers and have trouble learning number facts and procedures.

Dyslexia Search for term Dyslexia

Pupils with dyslexia have a marked and persistent difficulty in learning to read, write and spell, despite progress in other areas. Pupils may have poor reading comprehension, handwriting and punctuation.

Dyslexia Action Search for term Dyslexia Action

Dyslexia Action is an educational charity, established in 2006, which developed from the merger of the Dyslexia Institute and the Hornsby International Dyslexia Centre.

Dyspraxia Search for term Dyspraxia

Generally recognised as an impairment or immaturity of the organisation of movement. Associated with this may be problems of language, perception and thought.

Deixis Search for term Deixis

Words such as 'this', 'that', 'here', 'there' which refer backwards or forwards or outside a text - a sort of verbal pointing.

Dialect Search for term Dialect

Feature of grammar and/or vocabulary that identifies the regional or social background of the speaker.

Dialogic talk Search for term Dialogic talk

Sustained stretches of talk which enable speakers and listeners to explore and build on their own and others' ideas to develop coherent thinking.

Diction Search for term Diction

The effective choice of words.

Discourse marker Search for term Discourse marker

Linguistic signposts - signals for shifts in talk e.g. 'first', 'so anyway', 'now'.

Disputational talk Search for term Disputational talk

Characterised by disagreement and individualised decision making.