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Glossary

Click on the letters to browse the content alphabetically.

Term Definition
e-Learning Foundation Search for term e-Learning Foundation

The e-Learning Foundation aims to significantly increase access to ICT for education, and to ensure that every child in the UK has home access to technology for learning when and where they want to learn.

E-registration Search for term E-registration

The DCSF is keen to promote use of electronic registration in schools because of its benefits in efficiently monitoring pupils' attendance and the speedy retrieval and analysis of data.

EA 2002 Search for term EA 2002

The Education Act 2002 received Royal Assent in July 2002. The Act implements the legislative commitments set out in the White Paper 'Schools: Achieving Success'.

EAB Search for term EAB

The Examinations Appeals Board was set up by ministers in 1999 to give confidence to candidates, parents, schools and colleges who make use of the examinations system that the grades awarded are fair and accurate.

EAL Search for term EAL

English as an Additional Language. In England, 686,000 pupils are recorded as having a mother tongue other than English. More than 200 languages are spoken in the homes of children attending school.

Early Excellence Centre Search for term Early Excellence Centre

EECs offer integrated education and day care for young children, and services and opportunities for parents, carers, families and the wider community.

Early Learning Goals Search for term Early Learning Goals

ELGs outline expectations and targets for children to reach by end of the Foundation Stage.

Early Literacy Support Search for term Early Literacy Support

The aim of the programme is to reduce the percentage of children needing individual support from approximately 20% of the class to no more than 5%.

Early Support Programme Search for term Early Support Programme

ESP is the central Government mechanism for achieving better coordinated, family-focused services for young disabled children and their families across England.

Early years Search for term Early years

Early years settings include private and voluntary day nurseries, pre-schools, playgroups, childminding networks, portage services and LA day nurseries.

Early Years Development and Childcare Partnership Search for term Early Years Development and Childcare Partnership

One of these partnerships in each LA plans education for children below school age, and childcare for children aged from 0 to 14 years. This includes a list of local providers of free early education.

Early Years Development and Childcare Plan Search for term Early Years Development and Childcare Plan

A local plan which sets out how early education and childcare services will be provided.

Early Years Foundation Stage Search for term Early Years Foundation Stage

The EYFS is based around four Themes: * A Unique Child (Every child is a competent learner from birth who can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured) * Positive Relationships (Children learn to be strong and independent from a base of loving and secure relationships with parents and/or a key person) * Enabling Environments (The environment plays a key role in supporting and extending children's development and learning) * Learning and Development (Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates and all areas of Learning and Development are equally important and inter-connected)

Earmarked funding Search for term Earmarked funding

Funding that can only be spent on the purpose for which it was allocated and cannot be reallocated elsewhere or transferred into the delegated budget.

East Midlands Leadership Centre Search for term East Midlands Leadership Centre

The East Midlands Leadership Centre (EMLC) is an independent charitable company limited by guarantee specialising in leadership development.

Eastern Leadership Centre Search for term Eastern Leadership Centre

The Eastern Leadership Centre (ELC) was established to promote the quality of educational leadership in the Eastern Region by forging partnerships between school staff, LAs, higher education and business.

EAZ Search for term EAZ

Education Action Zones were set up between 1998 and 2000 as groups of schools tackling underachievement in disadvantaged areas. EAZs are now either being transformed into Excellence Clusters or EiC action zones.

EBD Search for term EBD

Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties. Children who display these problems may be placed on the special educational needs register and given extra support.

EBP Search for term EBP

Education Business Partnerships improve the preparation and training of pupils and students for their future employment by promoting links between education and business.

ECITB Search for term ECITB

The Engineering and Construction Industry Training Board provides information and advice on job opportunities and training in the UK engineering construction industry.

ECM Search for term ECM

See Every Child Matters

Eco-efficiency Search for term Eco-efficiency

A management strategy that links financial and environmental performance to create more value with less ecological impact.

Edexcel Search for term Edexcel

Edexcel is a qualifications awarding body which was formed in 1996 by the merger of the Business and Technology Education Council (BTEC) and the University of London Examinations and Assessment Council (ULEAC).

EDP Search for term EDP

An Education Development Plan is produced by every LA, setting out its strategies for improving standards in schools and raising pupil attainment.

Edubase Search for term Edubase

The database of educational establishments across England and Wales.

Education Act 2002 Search for term Education Act 2002

The Education Act 2002 implements the legislative commitments set out in the White Paper, Schools: Achieving Success.

Education Action Zone Search for term Education Action Zone

Education Action Zones were set up between 1998 and 2000 as groups of schools tackling underachievement in disadvantaged areas. EAZs are now either being transformed into Excellence Clusters or EiC action zones.

Education and Inspections Bill 2006 Search for term Education and Inspections Bill 2006

The Education and Inspections Bill represents a major step forward in the Government's aim of ensuring that every child in every school in every community gets the education they need to fulfil their potential.

Education Development Plan Search for term Education Development Plan

An EDP is produced by every local authority, setting out its strategies for improving standards in schools and raising pupil attainment.

Education Improvement Partnership Search for term Education Improvement Partnership

EIPs enable groups of schools to work together to raise standards and take on wider responsibilities for the children and young people in their local community.

Education Maintenance Allowance Search for term Education Maintenance Allowance

The EMA is a weekly payment of £10, £20 or £30 a week intended to help with the day-to-day costs for students who stay on at school, college or training provider after their GCSEs.

Education Outside the Classroom Manifesto Search for term Education Outside the Classroom Manifesto

A shared statement of intent by Government and practitioners, which states that every young person should experience the world beyond the classroom as an essential part of learning and personal development.

Education Supervision Order Search for term Education Supervision Order

A child of statutory school age who is not being properly educated can be placed under an Education Supervision Order (ESO) by the LA, which can ensure that he or she receives sufficient full-time education.

Education welfare officer Search for term Education welfare officer

EWOs (otherwise known as education social workers) are employed by LAs to monitor school attendance and help parents meet their responsibilities.

Educational psychologist Search for term Educational psychologist

An education professional qualified to assess a student's approach to learning. The role of educational psychologists in statutory assessment is well known but they also have an important role in early identification and intervention.

EEC Search for term EEC

Early Excellence Centres offer integrated education and day care for young children, and services and opportunities for parents, carers, families and the wider community.

Effect size Search for term Effect size

In research, an effect size describes how large the relationship is between two variables. It is used to quantify the difference between two groups being studied.

EFSS Search for term EFSS

Education Formula Spending Share, set by the DCSF based upon the relative circumstances of the LA, covers both delegated budgets allocated to individual schools and the LA's central provision.

EHRC Search for term EHRC

The Equality and Human Rights Commission now undertakes the work previously carried out by Equal Opportunities Commission, the Commission for Racial Equality, and the Disability Rights Commission.

EHWB Search for term EHWB

Emotional health and wellbeing

EiC Search for term EiC

Excellence in Cities was launched in 1999 by the Prime Minister and Secretary of State. Its aim is to raise standards in city areas through targeted intervention and investment, focused mainly on secondary schools.

EiC action zones Search for term EiC action zones

Excellence in Cities action zones provide additional support to groups of schools within an EiC area to overcome local barriers to achievement and raise standards of education at each participating school.

EIP Search for term EIP

Education Improvement Partnerships enable groups of schools to work together to raise standards and take on wider responsibilities for the children and young people in their local community.

EL Search for term EL

Entry-level qualifications represent the first tier of the national qualifications framework and can provide a common path for progression to qualifications at foundation level across the framework.

eLC Search for term eLC

See eLearning Credit

ELC Search for term ELC

Eastern Leadership Centre was established to promote the quality of educational leadership in the Eastern Region by forging partnerships between school staff, local authorities, higher education and business.

eLearning Credit Search for term eLearning Credit

Electronic Learning Credits were funds set aside for schools to spend on multimedia resources in conjunction with the Curriculum Online programme, 2002-2008. The money was distributed from central Government via LAs to individual schools, which decided locally how to spend it.

ELG Search for term ELG

Early Learning Goals outline expectations and targets for children to reach by the end of the Foundation Stage.

ELS Search for term ELS

Early Literacy Support is an intervention programme for children who need additional support. It includes a training programme, a screening package, and 60 extra literacy sessions, run by a teaching assistant.

EMA Search for term EMA

The Education Maintenance Allowance is a weekly payment of 10, 20 or 30 a week intended to help with the day-to-day costs for students who stay on at school, college or training provider after their GCSEs.

EMAG Search for term EMAG

The Ethnic Minority Achievement Grant is Government money used to support schools and LAs in meeting the educational needs of minority ethnic pupils.

EMAonline Search for term EMAonline

The Ethnic Minority Attainment portal contains teaching and learning resources which focus on children and young people with English as an additional language and those from minority ethnic backgrounds.

Embedding Search for term Embedding

The incorporation of core subjects (such as English and mathematics) into the teaching of another subject, thereby enhancing learning in both.

Embedding ICT Search for term Embedding ICT

As part of its commitment to support schools in raising their standards, the Primary Strategy has created a range of examples, showing how ICT can be used to enhance teaching and learning across the primary curriculum.

EMLC Search for term EMLC

East Midlands Leadership Centre is an independent charitable company limited by guarantee specialising in leadership development.

English as an Additional Language Search for term English as an Additional Language

Aims of the EAL unit: *To produce an awareness of how ethnic diversity influences the learning of English *To give participants an awareness of how pupils acquire English as an additional language *To enable participants to learn ways in which all support staff can help pupils and parents learn English as additional language.

English Framework Search for term English Framework

The Framework for teaching English is based closely on the Programmes of Study for English in the revised National Curriculum of 2000. Framework objectives for Years 7, 8, and 9 provide support for progression.

English Framework at Key Stage 3 Search for term English Framework at Key Stage 3

The Framework for teaching English is based closely on the Programmes of Study for English in the National Curriculum. Framework objectives for Years 7, 8, and 9 provide a framework for progression.

Enquiry Search for term Enquiry

A systematic or scientific process for answering questions and solving problems based on gathering evidence through observation, analysis and reflection.

Enquiry learning Search for term Enquiry learning

A teaching strategy designed to develop pupils' learning through systematic gathering of observation and investigation.

Enrichment (curriculum) Search for term Enrichment (curriculum)

This involves giving pupils learning experiences beyond the normal curriculum. For example, primary children might be offered an opportunity to learn a foreign language or visit a theatre.

Enterprise education Search for term Enterprise education

Enterprise capability supported by better financial capability and economic and business understanding. Young people need opportunities to be enterprising through applying their knowledge, skills and attributes.

Entitlement area Search for term Entitlement area

Schools are required to provide access to a minimum of one course in each of the entitlement areas at Key Stage 4 to all of their students that wish to study them.

Entry class Search for term Entry class

This is a year group made up of pupils who are starting in a school. For primary schools, the entry class is the reception class. For most secondary schools, the entry class will be Year 7.

Entry level qualifications Search for term Entry level qualifications

Entry level (EL) represents the first tier of the national qualifications framework and can provide a common path for progression to qualifications at foundation level across the framework.

EPD Search for term EPD

The Early Professional Development Scheme was piloted in 12 LAs between 2001 and 2004. The Scheme was not continued beyond the pilot phase in line with the general move away from centrally funded professional development.

EPPI-centre Search for term EPPI-centre

Evidence for Policy and Practice Information Coordinating Centre aims to collate the results of public policy research in a format accessible to policymakers, practitioners, academics and other research users.

Equal opportunities Search for term Equal opportunities

Education that is concerned with the participation and learning of all types of students, including children with special needs (such as those with learning difficulties, gifted children) and inclusive education.

Escorts Search for term Escorts

Adults employed to accompany children on the journey to school if their medical or social needs require it.

ESL Search for term ESL

English as a Second Language. Now more commonly known in schools as English as an Additional Language (EAL).

ESO Search for term ESO

Education Supervision Order. A child of statutory school age who is not being properly educated can be placed under the supervision of the local authority, which can ensure that he or she receives sufficient full-time education.

ESP Search for term ESP

The Early Support Programme is the central Government mechanism for achieving better coordinated, family-focused services for young disabled children and their families across England.

ESRC Search for term ESRC

The Economic and Social Research Council is the UK's leading research funding and training agency addressing economic and social concerns.

ESS Search for term ESS

Education Standard Spending is the level of spending that the Government considers appropriate for authorities collectively to spend on education in order to provide a standard level of service.

ESWS Search for term ESWS

Education Social Work Service

Ethnic minorities achievement Search for term Ethnic minorities achievement

The Ethnic Minority Achievement site aims to provide support to LAs and schools by: *updating you on Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) work *providing documentation for ethnic background data collection *sharing successful experiences of schools and LAs *signposting useful links and publications which provide information and research on minority ethnic pupils educational achievement.

Ethnic Minority Achievement Grant Search for term Ethnic Minority Achievement Grant

The EMAG is Government money used to support schools and local authorities in meeting the educational needs of minority ethnic pupils.

ETS Search for term ETS

The Excellent Teacher Scheme enables schools to create posts for excellent teachers that provide them with a clear role in school, but, unlike Advanced Skills Teachers (ASTs), no outreach function.

European schools Search for term European schools

The 13 European Schools provide mother-tongue education principally for the children of employees of EU institutions. The DCSF invites applications from suitably qualified teachers who hold a degree or equivalent with relevant teaching experience.

Evaluating school performance Search for term Evaluating school performance

Evaluating school performance (ESP) provides guidance, advice and examples on how to use data to evaluate and improve school performance. The units are designed for a wide variety of practitioners including school improvement partners (SIPs), LA advisors, teachers, headteachers and deputies, governors, coordinators, consultants and managers.

Every Child a Reader Search for term Every Child a Reader

A three-year initiative aiming to demonstrate that, with the right support, almost all children can reach age-appropriate levels of literacy by the end of Key Stage 1.

Every Child a Writer Search for term Every Child a Writer

A three-year initiative aiming to demonstrate that, with the right support, almost all children can reach age-appropriate levels of literacy by the end of Key Stage 1.

Every Child Counts Search for term Every Child Counts

A new intervention programme for primary children who are struggling with numeracy that provides intensive support and one-to-one tuition in mathematics.

Every Child Matters Search for term Every Child Matters

Every Child Matters is a Government strategy based on a new approach to the well-being of children and young people, giving them support to be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution and achieve economic well-being.

Every Lesson Counts Search for term Every Lesson Counts

February 2007 saw the launch of a new campaign designed to encourage better attendance at school. Every Lesson Counts focuses on the reasons why children play truant from school and encourages parents to take their family breaks during school holiday periods.

EWO Search for term EWO

Education Welfare Officers (otherwise known as education social workers) are employed by local authorities to monitor school attendance and help parents meet their responsibilities.

EWS Search for term EWS

Education Welfare Services undertake the LA's duty to ensure that children of compulsory school age attend school regularly.

Ex-officio governor Search for term Ex-officio governor

An individual who is automatically a governor or able to attend governors' meetings by virtue of the office they hold, such as headteacher, parish priest or vicar.

Examinations Appeals Board Search for term Examinations Appeals Board

The EAB was set up by Ministers in 1999 to give confidence to candidates, parents, schools and colleges who make use of the examinations system that the grades awarded are fair and accurate.

Excellence and enjoyment Search for term Excellence and enjoyment

This strategy sets out the vision for the future of primary education, where high standards are obtained through a rich, varied and exciting curriculum which develops children in a range of ways.

Excellence cluster Search for term Excellence cluster

Excellence clusters are designed to bring the benefits of the Excellence in Cities (EiC) programme to smaller pockets of deprivation. Like EiC, they use a structured programme designed to raise standards.

Excellence in Cities Search for term Excellence in Cities

Excellence in Cities (EiC) is a targeted programme of support for schools in deprived areas. It offers a chance to transform urban secondary education in areas where standards need to be raised.

Excellent Teacher Scheme Search for term Excellent Teacher Scheme

The Excellent Teacher Scheme enables schools to create posts for excellent teachers that provide them with a clear role in school, but, unlike Advanced Skills Teachers (ASTs), no outreach function.

Exceptionally able pupils Search for term Exceptionally able pupils

This initiative highlights the main issues to be discussed and addressed in preventing the underachievement of pupils with exceptional abilities. It gives guidance, information and references for further study, and provides brief portraits of real pupils in this category, illustrating their needs and how schools are meeting these.

Exclusion Search for term Exclusion

The suspension or expulsion of a pupil from school for disciplinary reasons.

Exclusion appeal panel Search for term Exclusion appeal panel

An independent committee which meets to consider whether pupil exclusions are justified.

Expansion of successful and popular schools Search for term Expansion of successful and popular schools

Capital support is available to ensure that lack of funding is not an obstacle when successful and popular secondary schools' proposals for expansion are considered by school organisation committees and adjudicators.

Extended school Search for term Extended school

A school that provides a range of services and activities, often beyond the school day, to help meet the needs of its pupils, their families and the wider community.

Extended services Search for term Extended services

The services provided by an extended school, both to pupils and parents, and to the wider community.

Extension (curriculum) Search for term Extension (curriculum)

Pupils follow a common curriculum but the most able use more challenging resources and are asked questions that require higher levels of reasoning in order to add greater depth to their learning.

External adviser Search for term External adviser

An accredited expert who must advise and support the governing body on reviewing the head's performance. Every school is entitled to an adviser for the equivalent of a day during the review cycle.

EYDCP Search for term EYDCP

Early Years Development and Childcare Partnerships plan education for children below school age, and childcare for children aged from 0 to 14 years. This includes a list of local providers of free early education.

Elision Search for term Elision

The sliding together of sounds in spoken language.

Ellipsis Search for term Ellipsis

The part of an utterance where the missing element is understood from the context.

Empathising Search for term Empathising

This means identifying with another: a character in a story, or an historical figure; the ability to see situations from the other's point of view.

ESCGA Search for term ESCGA

See Ethnicity, Social Class and Gender Achievement.

Ethnicity, Social Class and Gender Achievement (ESCGA) Search for term Ethnicity, Social Class and Gender Achievement (ESCGA)

ESCGA is the term applied to a collection of initiatives aimed at supporting the attainment of groups of pupils vulnerable to underachieving. See also: Inclusion, Ethnic minority achievement (EMA), English as an additional language (EAL).

Exploratory talk Search for term Exploratory talk

Talk in which partners engage critically but constructively with each other's ideas. Relevant information is offered for joint consideration. Proposals may be challenged and counter-challenged, but if so reasons are given and alternatives offered. Agreement is sought as a basis for progress. Knowledge is made publicly accountable and reasoning is visible in the talk. (Mercer 2000)