Glossary

Click on the letters to browse the content alphabetically.

Term Definition
IACP Search for term IACP

The Institute for the Advancement of Philosophy for Children is a US-based organisation which provides curriculum materials for engaging young people in philosophical inquiry.

IAN Search for term IAN

An Indicated Admission Number is a figure calculated by dividing the net capacity by the number of year groups to be accommodated at a school. Used by admissions authorities when determining the admission number.

IB Search for term IB

International Baccalaureate. An increasing number of schools, particularly in the private sector, are using the IB as an alternative to A Level.

IBO Search for term IBO

The International Baccalaureate Organisation is a non-profit educational foundation that works with schools, governments and international organisations on international education and assessment programmes.

ICG Search for term ICG

The Institute of Career Guidance promotes the delivery and development of high-quality services that enable informed educational, training and occupational choices, and effective career management.

ICO Search for term ICO

The Information Commissioner's Office is the independent body set up to oversee and enforce the Freedom of Information Act and the Data Protection Act.

ICT Search for term ICT

Information and Communication Technology - the computing and communications facilities and features that variously support teaching, learning and a range of activities in education.

IEB Search for term IEB

An interim executive board can be brought in by the Secretary of State or LA to replace the governing body of a school causing concern in cases where a governing body obstructs rather than contributes to progress.

IEP Search for term IEP

An Individual Education Plan builds on the curriculum that a child with learning difficulties or disabilities is following. It should set out the strategies being used to meet a child's identified needs.

IfL Search for term IfL

The Institute for Learning is the professional body for teachers and trainers and student teachers in the learning and skills sector, including adult, community and further education, and work-based learning.

IiP Search for term IiP

Investors in People is a national standard that can be used by any organisation to enhance the development of its people. It provides a framework for staff development that supports activities across a school.

ILA Search for term ILA

Individual learning accounts. The ILA programme closed on 23 November 2001.

ILS Search for term ILS

Integrated Learning Systems. Computer-based, interactive learning incorporated into areas of the curriculum where computers are not always used, such as English and mathematics.

ILT Search for term ILT

Information and Learning Technology - sometimes used in the further education sector to refer to the use of technology for both teaching and learning, and the management of information and resources.

Implementation Review Unit Search for term Implementation Review Unit

The IRU is an independent scrutiny unit with a remit to cut red tape and reduce bureaucracy in schools.

Improved reading Search for term Improved reading

Improved reading: an increased ability of a learner to read, process and understand written text resulting in the ability to read, comprehend and respond to text that is more demanding in terms of lexis, grammar, syntax, structure, composition or content than the learner was formerly able to deal with.

Improving Schools Programme Search for term Improving Schools Programme

ISP is a supported whole-school improvement programme. The core elements central to ISP support the development of school-wide systems to raise standards, accelerate and sustain progress, build leadership capacity and support school self-evaluation. The programme focuses on children's learning and the skills, knowledge and understanding that teachers and headteachers need to enable all children to make good progress and achieve success as learners.

IMS Search for term IMS

Information Management in Schools covers the management, collection and dissemination of data, both within and between schools, LAs, the DCSF and its partners.

Inadequate behaviour Search for term Inadequate behaviour

Ofsted judgement indicating that behaviour of learners is deemed inadequate

Inclusion Search for term Inclusion

The term 'inclusion' has had a number of meanings, often relating to disabled or disaffected children. It has been used to refer to either moving disabled children into mainstream settings, or reducing exclusions.

Inclusion development programme Search for term Inclusion development programme

The aim of the IDP is to support schools and Early Years settings through web-based materials, which will include:* teaching and learning resources training materials *guidance on effective classroom strategies *models of good practice for multi-disciplinary teams *information about sources of more specialist advice.

Inclusion statement Search for term Inclusion statement

This statutory statement on providing learning opportunities for all pupils outlines how teachers can modify the National Curriculum to provide all pupils with appropriately challenging work at each key stage.

Increments Search for term Increments

The process by which individuals move through their salary scale until they reach top of the scale.

Independent / state school partnerships Search for term Independent / state school partnerships

The Independent / State School Partnership scheme (or 'Building Bridges' as it has come to be known) was set up to encourage collaborative working between independent and maintained schools.

Independent appeals panel Search for term Independent appeals panel

Parents may wish to appeal against decisions in such areas as admissions and exclusions. The LA is responsible for constituting an appeal panel, but the panel itself is independent in law.

Independent complaints adjudicator Search for term Independent complaints adjudicator

The independent complaints adjudicator for Ofsted provides independent reviews of complaints about all areas of work within Ofsted's remit.

Independent school Search for term Independent school

A school which is not funded by the state and obtains most of its finances from fees paid by parents and income from investments. Some of the larger independent schools are known as public schools.

Independent school approved for SEN pupils Search for term Independent school approved for SEN pupils

A special school which provides full-time education for five or more pupils of compulsory school age, not maintained by an LA, wholly or mainly for children with statutory statements of SEN.

Independent special school Search for term Independent special school

A special school which provide full time education for five or more pupils of compulsory school age, not maintained by a local authority, wholly or mainly for children with statutory statements of SEN.

Independent/State School Partnerships Search for term Independent/State School Partnerships

The Independent / State School Partnership scheme (or 'Building Bridges' as it has come to be known) was set up to encourage collaborative working between independent and maintained schools.

Individual Education Plan Search for term Individual Education Plan

An IEP builds on the curriculum that a child with learning difficulties or disabilities is following. It should set out the strategies being used to meet a child's identified needs.

Individual schools budget Search for term Individual schools budget

The total amount budgeted by an LA for the delegated budgets of all the schools it maintains.

Induction Search for term Induction

Induction for newly qualified teachers follows initial teacher training and the award of qualified teacher status. It is compulsory, and takes place over a period of three terms.

Infant school Search for term Infant school

A school that caters for pupils age 5 to 7.

Information commissioner Search for term Information commissioner

The independent body set up to oversee and enforce the Freedom of Information Act and the Data Protection Act.

Innovating with history Search for term Innovating with history

This website has been designed to help schools plan and teach innovative history courses, based on the National Curriculum programmes of study, which will engage and motivate pupils aged 5 to 14.

Innovation Unit Search for term Innovation Unit

The Innovation Unit is an organisation which encourages and promotes the use of innovation to improve education.

INSET Search for term INSET

In-service education and training. The award-bearing INSET scheme is now known as the Postgraduate Professional Development (PPD) and is run by the Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA).

Institute for Learning Search for term Institute for Learning

The IfL is the professional body for teachers and trainers in the learning and skills sector, including adult, community and further education, and work-based learning.

Instrument of Government Search for term Instrument of Government

The Instrument of Government (IoG) is the document which records the name of the school and the constitution of its governing body.

Integration Search for term Integration

Educating children with special educational needs (SEN) together with children without SEN in mainstream schools wherever possible, and ensuring that both engage in the activities of the school together.

Intensifying Support Programme Search for term Intensifying Support Programme

The ISP is a school improvement programme designed to raise standards and improve teaching and learning in the context of the school as a professional learning community.

Inter-school visitation Search for term Inter-school visitation

Shared learning (adult, leadership or pupil) through purposeful visits and exchanges between participating schools, such as touring workshops, learning walks, teacher/leader exchanges and fellowships.

Interactive Teaching Programmes Search for term Interactive Teaching Programmes

The National Numeracy Strategy has been developing and trialling Interactive Teaching Programs (ITPs) since January 2002.

Interactive whiteboard Search for term Interactive whiteboard

Interactive whiteboards allow teachers to deliver lessons interactively using a variety of methods including video clips, the Internet, interactive presentations and colour visuals.

International Baccalaureate Search for term International Baccalaureate

The IB diploma is a two-year programme of international education for students aged 16 to 19.

Investing in Young People scheme Search for term Investing in Young People scheme

A government initiative to help young people make the best of their abilities and to ensure that they all have access to, and are encouraged to take up education or training post 16. This could be in schools, colleges or work-based training.

Investors in People Search for term Investors in People

This is a national standard that can be used by any organisation to enhance the development of its people. It provides a framework for staff development that supports activities across a school.

IoG Search for term IoG

The Instrument of Government is the document which records the name of the school and the constitution of its governing body.

IPF Search for term IPF

The Institute of Public Finance provides advice and training for resource management in the public sector, including the DCSF Financial Management Standard in Schools (FMSiS) programme.

IPSEA Search for term IPSEA

The Independent Panel for Special Education Advice aims to help ensure that children with special educational needs receive the special educational provision to which they are legally entitled.

IRT Search for term IRT

The Identification Referral and Tracking project team works closely with LAs on the development and dissemination of approaches to the identification, referral and tracking of children at risk of social exclusion.

IRU Search for term IRU

The Implementation Review Unit is an independent scrutiny unit with a remit to cut red tape and reduce bureaucracy in schools.

ISB Search for term ISB

Individual Schools Budget is the total amount budgeted by a local authority for the delegated budgets of all the schools it maintains.

ISC Search for term ISC

The Independent Schools Council exists to represent the interests of independent schools associations and their member schools to the Government, politicians, the media and opinion-formers.

ISCED Search for term ISCED

The International Standard Classification of Education was initially designed by UNESCO in the early 1970s as an instrument for assembling, compiling and presenting education statistics internationally.

ISCG Search for term ISCG

Information for School and College Governors is a non-profit making company that provides governors with practical advice, independent information and relevant services.

ISG Search for term ISG

Independent Schools Grant.

ISIS Search for term ISIS

Independent Schools Information Service. In 2010, national ISIS was renamed the Independent Schools Council information service (ISCis).

ISP Search for term ISP

The Intensifying Support Programme is a school improvement programme designed to raise standards and improve teaching and learning in the context of the school as a professional learning community.

ISSP Search for term ISSP

The Independent / State School Partnership scheme (or 'Building Bridges' as it has come to be known) was set up to encourage collaborative working between independent and maintained schools.

ITT Search for term ITT

Initial teacher training. Most people need to take an ITT course in order to gain Qualified Teacher Status (QTS).

ITT provider Search for term ITT provider

Provider of initial teacher training such as a college, university or consortium of schools.

IWB Search for term IWB

Interactive whiteboards allow teachers to deliver lessons interactively using a variety of methods including video clips, the internet, interactive presentations and colour visuals.

Individual work Search for term Individual work

Speaking and listening, often talk, done by an individual, in or outside the classroom, for example interviewing an adult outside school or giving a presentation.

Institutional Quality Standards (IQS) Search for term Institutional Quality Standards (IQS)

The Institutional Quality Standards (IQS) for Gifted and Talented education is a whole-school self-evaluation and planning tool, designed for use by senior and middle leaders. See also: Gifted and Talented (G&T), Classroom Quality Standards (CQS), Local Authority Quality Standards (LAQS).

Intervention Search for term Intervention

Action planned to improve the progress of targeted pupils who have been identified as falling behind the expected level of attainment and who are at risk of not fulfilling their potential. Intervention implies that these pupils will receive some additional or different provision at certain times, but effective intervention also requires that the needs of these pupils are taken account of in all their teaching.

Intervention toolkit Search for term Intervention toolkit

The suite of materials developed by the Secondary National Strategy to support intervention in schools. There is a useful publication of the same name which describes most of the materials.

IQS Search for term IQS

See Institutional Quality Standards.

IRF (Initiates-Responds-Feedback) Search for term IRF (Initiates-Responds-Feedback)

The teacher Initiates a speech event (through question or statement), a pupil Responds and the teacher gives Feedback.