Glossary

Click on the letters to browse the content alphabetically.

Term Definition
M.Ed in Educational Leadership Search for term M.Ed in Educational Leadership

The Masters in Educational Leadership has been designed to provide advanced knowledge and understanding of educational leadership and school improvement

Mainstream school Search for term Mainstream school

A school maintained by the LA which is not a special school.

Mainstreaming Search for term Mainstreaming

Integration of children with special educational needs into the mainstream school system.

Maintained boarding school Search for term Maintained boarding school

A school run by an LA that provides accommodation for some or all of its pupils.

Maintained nursery school Search for term Maintained nursery school

A school providing education for children from 3 to 5, maintained by the LA.

Maintained school Search for term Maintained school

A school funded by the LA, who also have ultimate administrative responsibility. Community, foundation and voluntary-aided schools are all maintained schools.

Management allowance Search for term Management allowance

An additional sum of money paid as a supplement to a teacher's basic salary, generally in recognition of additional duties or special responsibilities within the school.

Mathematics Search for term Mathematics

Curriculum studies in the area of mathematics education include numeracy, arithmetic, geometry, statistics and algebra.

MBF Search for term MBF

The Mentoring and Befriending Foundation is the national strategic body for mentoring and befriending, offering support to practitioners and organisations throughout the sector.

MBS Search for term MBS

Music and Ballet Schools Scheme.

MDS Search for term MDS

The Music and Dance Scheme aims help identify and assist children with exceptional potential, regardless of their personal circumstances, to benefit from world-class specialist training in music and dance.

ME Search for term ME

Myalgic encephalomyelitis is a chronic condition which affects about four people in every 1,000, mostly adults and children between 13 and 15. The main symptom is fatigue following exertion or mental activity.

Mediation Search for term Mediation

A teaching strategy where the teacher intervenes and supports the development of pupils' understanding by modelling or by direct instruction to help them achieve something they could not do alone.

Mentoring Search for term Mentoring

Mentoring is a one-to-one, non-judgemental relationship in which an individual voluntarily gives time to support and encourage another. This is typically developed at a time of transition in the mentee's life.

MEP Search for term MEP

Member of the European Parliament

Metacognition Search for term Metacognition

The process of planning, assessing and monitoring one's own thinking. Thinking about thinking in order to develop understanding or self-regulation.

MFG Search for term MFG

The Minimum Funding Guarantee ensures that for all schools, the value of per-pupil funding increases from one year to the next by a minimum amount, set annually by the DCSF in line with average cost pressures.

MFL Search for term MFL

Modern Foreign Languages. Schools must provide at least one of the EU working languages (Danish, Dutch, French, German, modern Greek, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish) at Key Stage 4.

Middle deemed primary school Search for term Middle deemed primary school

A middle school which generally takes pupils aged 8 to 12.

Middle deemed secondary school Search for term Middle deemed secondary school

A middle school which generally takes pupils aged 9 to 13.

Middle school Search for term Middle school

State schools taking pupils aged 8-12 (middle deemed primary) or 9-13 (middle deemed secondary).

MidYIS Search for term MidYIS

The Middle Years Information System provides tests widely used in the UK and elsewhere, which form a baseline for value-added measures in secondary schools.

Migration rate Search for term Migration rate

A measure of the net effect of natural pupil turnover from one year to the next, as pupils transfer to or from individual schools for a variety of reasons.

Millennium Volunteers programme Search for term Millennium Volunteers programme

Millennium volunteers are young people who give up their free time to help their local communities. This includes such activities as coaching a school football team, working at a community radio station or helping create a garden for local residents.

Mind mapping Search for term Mind mapping

A way of representing ideas and information visually where links between ideas are represented by branching lines.

Minimum Funding Guarantee Search for term Minimum Funding Guarantee

The MFG ensures that for all schools, the value of per-pupil funding increases from one year to the next by a minimum amount, set annually by the DCSF in line with average cost pressures

Minority ethnic achievement Search for term Minority ethnic achievement

The DCSF has an absolute commitment to closing the unacceptable achievement gap that exists between children from different ethnic groups, particularly those who are at risk of underachieving.

MIS Search for term MIS

Management information systems are software that is used to enter, store, manipulate and retrieve information about schools, staff and pupils.

MLD Search for term MLD

Mild or moderate learning difficulties. A pupil with MLD will receive extra assistance under SEN provision. See the SEN glossary for a more detailed definition.

MNS Search for term MNS

A maintained nursery school provides education for children from 3 to 5, and is maintained by the LA.

Model pay policy Search for term Model pay policy

The statutory pay arrangements for teachers give significant discretion to relevant bodies (governors and LAs) to make pay decisions. The model pay policy recommends a structure for schools to follow.

Modelling Search for term Modelling

Teaching children in a way that helps them to see the underlying structures, and to understand the embedded or supporting concepts and ideas.

Moderation procedures Search for term Moderation procedures

Ofsted procedures for quality assurance of judgements by lead inspectors that fall into one of the categories of schools causing concern (i.e. those requiring special measures or significant improvement).

Modification Search for term Modification

The amendment or alteration of a programme of study, attainment target, assessment or any other component of the National Curriculum in order to give the child access to that area of the curriculum

Module Search for term Module

Part of a larger qualification, often assessed through a single exam or piece of coursework.

MSI Search for term MSI

Multi-sensory impairment. A combination of visual and hearing difficulties. Pupils may also have other disabilities but their complex needs mean that it may be difficult to ascertain their intellectual abilities.

MTA Search for term MTA

Meal time assistant.

Multi-sensory impairment Search for term Multi-sensory impairment

A combination of visual and hearing difficulties. Pupils with MSI may also have other disabilities but their complex needs mean that it may be difficult to ascertain their intellectual abilities.

Multiple exceptionality Search for term Multiple exceptionality

Gifted and talented pupils with additional educational needs or a learning difficulty. These pupils can be missed if single assessment measures are used.

Multiple intelligences Search for term Multiple intelligences

A theory by Howard Gardner (1983) that defines intelligence as not being a single or fixed capacity. The theory offers a range of preferred approaches to learning, each interacting but independent in its own right.

Music and dance scheme Search for term Music and dance scheme

The Music and Dance Scheme aims help identify and assist children with exceptional potential, regardless of their personal circumstances, to benefit from world-class specialist training in music and dance.

Music Manifesto Search for term Music Manifesto

A document developed by the Department for Education and Skills outlining the importance of music education.

Making Good Progress (MGP) pilot Search for term Making Good Progress (MGP) pilot

A two-year pilot which trialled new ways to assess, report and stimulate progress in schools, so that no child stalls or gets stuck at any stage. See also: Assessing Pupils' Progress (APP).

Mathematics Challenge Search for term Mathematics Challenge

This scheme to boost the learning of Year 7 pupils currently working at Level 3 in mathematics is based on one to one coaching of pupils by volunteer coaches, mentors or teaching assistants. It could be used with small groups where appropriate. The coaching is carefully targeted on specific areas of difficulty in mathematics.

Metacognition Search for term Metacognition

A learner's ability to reflect on and understand their own learning; knowing that we know and that there is more we do not know.

MGP Search for term MGP

See Making Good Progress (MGP) pilot.

Modelled speaking and listening Search for term Modelled speaking and listening

This refers to demonstration of an element of speaking and listening by an expert for learners.