Glossary

Click on the letters to browse the content alphabetically.

Term Definition
s2s Search for term s2s

s2s is a secure transfer site that was introduced by DCSF in June 2002 to enable common transfer files to be sent to any maintained school in England.

SACRE Search for term SACRE

Standing Advisory Council on Religious Education. The content of the RE curriculum is determined locally by the SACRE in each LA.

Safe Routes to Schools Search for term Safe Routes to Schools

An initiative which encourages and enables children to walk and cycle to school through a combined package of practical and educational measures.

Safer school partnerships Search for term Safer school partnerships

Safer school partnerships involve an operational police officer working in a selected school to reduce crime, make the school a safer place for learning and re-engage youngsters with their community.

SAI Search for term SAI

The Schools Access Initiative provides funding to make mainstream schools more accessible to children with disabilities and special educational needs.

SAO Search for term SAO

A School Attendance Order is served on the parent of a child of compulsory school age who fails to prove the child is receiving suitable education, and where the LA believes the child should attend school.

SAS Search for term SAS

Special agreement school. A term used to describe voluntary schools which came into existence as a result of pre-1941 agreements between voluntary bodies (usually religious or charitable) and the State.

SAT Search for term SAT

Standard Assessment Test. Now know as National Tests.

SBC Search for term SBC

School Building Capital covers both the majority of capital funding allocated on a formulaic basis to schools and LAs, and other capital funding programmes such as Building Schools for the Future.

SCAA Search for term SCAA

School Curriculum and Assessment Authority. Merged with the National Council for Vocational Qualifications (NCVQ) on 1 October 1997 to form the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA).

Scaling Search for term Scaling

An exercise to compare the sum of individual school pupil projections with a separately calculated projection for the whole area. This is used to adjust the individual projections up or down so the totals are equal.

SCC Search for term SCC

Schools Causing Concern are defined as those that are judged by Ofsted to require special measures or significant improvement.

Scheme for financing schools Search for term Scheme for financing schools

Document drawn up by the LA in consultation with schools and approved by Secretary of State setting out conditions under which schools manage their budgets and their financial relationship with the LA.

Schemes of work Search for term Schemes of work

The schemes of work are guidelines to support medium- and long-term planning. They help schools implement the National Curriculum programmes of study and teach RE. The schemes are not statutory.

School action Search for term School action

School Action and School Action Plus are levels of support under the SEN Code of Practice, intended to matches the level of help a given child needs.

School adjudicator Search for term School adjudicator

School adjudicators are appointed to make decisions on proposals for changes to school organisation and objections to admission arrangements, where it has not been possible to resolve the matter at a local level.

School Admission Code of Practice Search for term School Admission Code of Practice

A guide to making the school admissions process simpler, fairer and more open.

School budget share Search for term School budget share

The amount that an individual school receives from the Individual Schools Budget via the funding formula.

School building capital Search for term School building capital

SBC covers both the majority of capital funding allocated on a formulaic basis to schools and LAs, and other capital funding programmes such as Building Schools for the Future.

School census Search for term School census

A database containing details of pupil numbers by age group, as well as information on class sizes, number of teachers, length of teaching week, free school meals and ethnicity.

School Development Grant Search for term School Development Grant

The SDG is an amalgamation of former grants for schools. Schools can use this grant for any purpose to support improvement in teaching and learning.

School development plan Search for term School development plan

A projection of what a school hopes to achieve within a prescribed time limit. It should link with the school's assessment policy, using the results of pupil assessment to target improvement in pupil achievement.

School diversity Search for term School diversity

The way in which the education system is structured to enable schools to differentiate themselves according to their individual ethos, special character and areas of specialist expertise.

School food trust Search for term School food trust

A body set up to advise schools and LAs on the provision of healthier school meals.

School funding regulations Search for term School funding regulations

A short title for the Financing of Maintained Schools Regulations. These regulations govern the way in which budget shares are calculated by lLAs.

School funding settlement Search for term School funding settlement

Description of the funding arrangements for schools over a specified period of time (e.g. 2008-2011).

School governors' one-stop shop Search for term School governors' one-stop shop

A small limited company with charitable status which aims to recruit volunteers with transferable skills to become governors and add value in schools across England.

School improvement Search for term School improvement

The School Challenge and Improvement Division (SCID) of the Department for Children, Schools and Families is responsible for the development and delivery of policies and programmes which: transform schools in challenging circumstances; prevent school failure; where necessary tackle failing and underperforming schools; and promote improvements in pupil achievement to narrow attainment gaps.

School Improvement and Excellence Search for term School Improvement and Excellence

The SIE team works with schools who face challenging circumstances. Working together we have developed a range of initiatives to support better ways of working and to raise attainment.

School improvement partner Search for term School improvement partner

A school improvement partner provides support to schools by helping leaders to evaluate performance, identify priorities for improvement and plan effective change.

School organisation unit Search for term School organisation unit

The unit provides access to information on making organisational changes to schools. Changes can include school openings, closures, expansions and adding a nursery or a sixth-form.

School profile Search for term School profile

Following 2005 Education Act, governing bodies are no longer required to produce a governors' annual report. This has now been replaced by the school profile, which can be completed by schools and published online.

School sport coordinator Search for term School sport coordinator

A teacher who coordinates a school sport partnership.

School sport partnership Search for term School sport partnership

School sport partnerships (SSPs) are groups of schools working together to develop PE and sport opportunities for all young people.

School Standards Grant Search for term School Standards Grant

The SSG is an annual lump-sum grant which every school receives (dependent on school size and type). It is allocated via LAS, but they have no discretion over its distribution.

School teachers' pay and conditions document Search for term School teachers' pay and conditions document

This publication sets out the details of, and guidance around, arrangements for teachers' pay and employment conditions in England and Wales, by which schools and LAs must abide.

School Travel Adviser Search for term School Travel Adviser

Every LA has a school travel adviser, whose role is to work with schools to create school travel plans. They are responsible for coordinating and promoting delivery of school travel plans, with consideration for sustainability.

School travel plan Search for term School travel plan

An STP puts forward a package of measures to improve safety and reduce car use. It is based on consultation with teachers, parents, pupils and governors and other local people.

Schools access initiative Search for term Schools access initiative

The SAI provides funding to make mainstream schools more accessible to children with disabilities and special educational needs.

Schools budget Search for term Schools budget

The total amount budgeted by the LA for direct provision for pupils, including the ISB and other provision, mostly for under-5 and pupils with SEN.

Schools causing concern Search for term Schools causing concern

Schools that are judged by Ofsted to require special measures or significant improvement.

Schools facing challenging circumstances Search for term Schools facing challenging circumstances

Schools which may need more support than schools elsewhere to deliver equality of opportunity for their pupils. The DCSF has provided additional targeted support for these schools.

Schools forum Search for term Schools forum

A funding advisory body consisting of headteachers, governors and others. There is one schools forum within each LA.

SCIP Search for term SCIP

Strategies for Crisis Intervention and Prevention is a training package designed to help staff support pupils during aggressive, violent and self-injurious incidents which may occur during a crisis episode.

SCITT Search for term SCITT

School-centred initial teacher training is a school-based teacher training course leading to Qualified Teacher Status (QTS).

SCOTVEC Search for term SCOTVEC

Scottish Vocational Educational Qualification. These have now been replaced by SVQs, with almost all modules being re-badged as National Units.

SDG Search for term SDG

The School Development Grant is an amalgamation of previously separate grants for schools. Schools can use this grant on any purpose to support improvement in teaching and learning.

SDP Search for term SDP

The School Development Plan is a projection of what a school hopes to achieve within a prescribed time limit.

SEAL Search for term SEAL

See Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning

Secondary intervention Search for term Secondary intervention

Intervention helps pupils make up the shortfalls in their learning. Effective intervention enables them to make fast progress in the key areas of literacy and mathematics so that they can close learning gaps and meet or exceed expectations.

Secondary National Strategy Search for term Secondary National Strategy

The Secondary National Strategy is part of a major reform programme to enable children and young people to attend and enjoy school, achieve personal and social development and stretch educational standards.

Secondary phase of education Search for term Secondary phase of education

Full-time education suitable to the requirements of pupils of compulsory school age who are either senior pupils or junior pupils who have attained the age of 10 years and 6 months.

Section 151 Search for term Section 151

Section 151 of the Local Government Act 1972 requires LAS to ensure the probity of the use of public funds.

Section 52 Search for term Section 52

Section 52 of the School Standards and Framework Act 1998 requires LAs to provide all schools with a full account of their Schools Budget and LA Budget and how the funding is derived for each school.

Section 96 Search for term Section 96

The provisions of section 96, 98, 100 and 101 of the Learning and Skills Act 2000 set out the external qualifications approved for the use of learners in education and training under the age of 19 in England.

Sector Skills Agreement Search for term Sector Skills Agreement

An SSA is a plan which specifies the skills employers in a particular sector need their workforce to have and how these skills will be supplied

Sector Skills Council Search for term Sector Skills Council

Each of the 25 Sector Skills Councils is an employer-led, independent organisation that covers a specific sector across the UK, providing a forum to express the skills needs that are pertinent to their sector.

Sector Skills Development Agency Search for term Sector Skills Development Agency

The Sector Skills Development Agency (SSDA) is responsible for funding, supporting and monitoring the network of Sector Skills Councils (SSCs).

SEED Search for term SEED

The Scottish Executive Education Department is responsible for administering policy on pre-school and school education, children and young people, and tourism, culture and sport in Scotland.

Seed challenge Search for term Seed challenge

The Seed Challenge programme, which finished in 2005, increased investment in school buildings by attracting matched funding from non-government sources.

SEF Search for term SEF

Self-Evaluation Form is for school inspections. This serves as the main document when planning the inspection. It enables schools to set out plans for developing strengths and addressing weaknesses.

Selection Search for term Selection

The process by which certain types of schools decide which pupils to accept.

Self-assessment Search for term Self-assessment

Self-assessment involves students making judgments about their own work Self-assessment can be extremely valuable in helping students to form judgements about their own strengths and weaknesses. Self-assessment is usually used as part of a formative assessment process, rather than a summative one, where it requires certification by others.

Self-evaluation Search for term Self-evaluation

A school's analysis of its performance, priorities for improvement and targets it has set.

Self-governing school Search for term Self-governing school

Scottish schools which are equivalent to grant-maintained schools in England.

Self-regulation Search for term Self-regulation

Conscious use of mental strategies to improve thinking and learning, often aimed at particular learning goals.

SEN Search for term SEN

Special Educational Needs denotes any child who has been identified as having some form of educational need either as a result of learning difficulty or who shows outstanding ability in one or across a selection of subjects.

SEN annual review Search for term SEN annual review

The review of a statement of special educational needs which an LA must make within 12 months of making the statement or, as the case may be, of the previous review.

SENCO Search for term SENCO

A Special Educational Needs Coordinator is a member of staff of a school who has responsibility for coordinating SEN provision within that school. In a small school the headteacher or deputy may take on this role.

SENDIST Search for term SENDIST

Special Educational Needs and Disability Tribunal. Parents whose children have special educational needs can appeal against decisions made by LAs in England and Wales about their children's education.

Senior management Search for term Senior management

Those with responsibility in any educational institution for the strategic leadership and management of a whole organisation, including the person with ultimate responsibility for the institution.

Sentence level and text level Search for term Sentence level and text level

Text level refers to reading comprehension and writing composition. Sentence level refers to grammar and punctuation.

September count Search for term September count

A return completed on the third Thursday in September stating the number of pupils and other key statistics in secondary schools.

Seriation Search for term Seriation

Sequencing or arranging objects, ideas or events in a particular order determined by a criterion.

Serious weaknesses Search for term Serious weaknesses

This refers to schools which, when inspected by Ofsted, are found to be providing an acceptable standard of education for their pupils but with serious weaknesses in one or more areas of their work.

Service conditions Search for term Service conditions

The pay and conditions of service for an individual.

SEU Search for term SEU

Standards and effectiveness unit / Social exclusion unit

Sex and Relationship Education Search for term Sex and Relationship Education

All maintained secondary schools must provide SRE. Governing bodies of maintained primary schools must decide whether SRE should be included in the curriculum.

SFC Search for term SFC

The Scottish Funding Council distributes about £1.5 billion in funding each year for teaching and learning, research and other activities in Scotland's colleges and universities.

SFCC Search for term SFCC

Schools Facing Challenging Circumstances may need more support than schools elsewhere to deliver equality of opportunity for their pupils. The DCSF has provided additional targeted support for these schools.

SFCF Search for term SFCF

The Sixth-Form Colleges Forum lobbies on behalf of sixth-form colleges on issues including advice and information provision and the conduct of national pay and conditions negotiations.

SFG Search for term SFG

A Specific Formula Grant is distributed outside the general formula for pay funding as a specific or special grant, but with no conditions attached as to how it is spent.

SFIG Search for term SFIG

School Funding Implementation Group is the Department's partner and stakeholder group consisting of representatives of headteachers and teacher associations, national governor associations, the LGA and ConfEd.

SFSS Search for term SFSS

Schools Formula Spending Share, the portion of Education Formula Spending Share which covers pupil provision, has now been replaced by the Dedicated Schools Grant.

SHA Search for term SHA

Secondary Heads Association - now known as the Association of School and College Leaders (ASCL).

SI Search for term SI

Statutory Instruments are powers granted through amendments or updates to Acts of Parliament, such as the fixing or fees or charges.

Siblings rule Search for term Siblings rule

A rule applied by some admission authorities if parents' first-choice school is oversubscribed. They will sometimes treat the application more favourably if the child already has a sibling at the school.

SIE Search for term SIE

The School Improvement and Excellence Team works with schools who face challenging circumstances. Working together we have developed a range of initiatives to support better ways of working and to raise attainment.

Significant improvement Search for term Significant improvement

A school requiring significant improvement is one which does not require special measures but is performing significantly less well than it might, given the circumstances, be expected to perform.

SIGs Search for term SIGs

Special Interest Groups.

SIMS Search for term SIMS

Schools Information Management System is the software used by schools for the school census and other information management requirements.

Single Education Plan Search for term Single Education Plan

A plan which explains an LA's education strategy and priorities.

SIP Search for term SIP

A School Improvement Partner provides support to schools by helping leaders to evaluate performance, identify priorities for improvement and plan effective change.

Sixth form Search for term Sixth form

Covers Years 12 and 13, either attached to a school or as a separate sixth-form college.

Skills for Life Search for term Skills for Life

Skills for Life is the Government's strategy for improving adult literacy and numeracy skills. It is focused on groups whose literacy and numeracy needs are greatest and where most impact can be made.

Skills gap Search for term Skills gap

A term used to describe a situation in which certain skills are lacking in an organisation's workforce.

Skills strategy Search for term Skills strategy

A plan to promote the learning of skills among young people and adults.

SLASC Search for term SLASC

School Level Annual School Census. Pupil referral units, general hospital schools and registered independent schools are required to complete a census return with data at an aggregated school level.

SLC Search for term SLC

The Student Loans Company administers financial support to eligible students in higher education in the UK.

SLD Search for term SLD

Severe learning difficulties. Pupils with SLD have significant intellectual or cognitive impairments. For a detailed definition, see the SEN glossary.

SLDD Search for term SLDD

Students with learning difficulty and/or disability.

SLICT Search for term SLICT

Strategic Leadership of ICT (SLICT) is a programme developed in partnership by NCSL and Becta that focuses on the strategic role of school leaders in leading and developing ICT.

SLO Search for term SLO

School liaison officers are members of the police force assigned to an area to be a point of contact for pupils and teachers. They can advise and provide training on a wide range of issues, including road safety.

SLT Search for term SLT

Senior Leadership Team - consists of a school's headteacher, deputy head and in some schools, other senior teachers. Also known as SMT (Senior Management Team).

SMSC Search for term SMSC

Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural development of pupils. According to Ofsted guidance, 'SMSC development must (and usually does) underpin all education to varying degrees'.

SMT Search for term SMT

Senior Management Team - consists of a school's headteacher, deputy head and in some schools, other senior teachers. Also known as SLT (Senior Leadership Team).

SNA Search for term SNA

A special needs assistant is a member of non-teaching staff who helps a teacher by giving special assistance to individual pupils.

SNS Search for term SNS

The Secondary National Strategy is part of a major reform programme to enable children and young people to attend and enjoy school, achieve personal and social development and stretch educational standards.

SOC Search for term SOC

School Organisation Committees consider individual statutory proposals for changes to schools, such as new schools, school closures, enlargements and additions of nurseries and sixth forms.

Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning Search for term Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning

The SEAL resource provides a framework for explicitly promoting social, emotional and behavioural skills, with built-in progression for each year group within a school. The resource is designed to facilitate a systematic and spiral approach to learning. It should be seen as a stimulus or starting point, rather than a finished product.

Social Exclusion Task Force Search for term Social Exclusion Task Force

The Social Exclusion Task Force coordinates the Government's drive against social exclusion, ensuring that the cross-departmental approach delivers for those most in need.

Sociocultural theory Search for term Sociocultural theory

A cognitive view of learning that emphasises the importance of interaction, discussion and participation in communities of enquiry and learning

Socrates Search for term Socrates

Socrates is the EU education programme. It supports European co-operation on a range of educational projects, initiatives and professional development, providing opportunities for all sectors including schools.

SOLACE Search for term SOLACE

Society of Local Authority Chief Executives and Senior Managers. SOLACE is the representative body for senior strategic managers working in the public sector.

SoS Search for term SoS

Secretary of State is an MP or peer who is a member of the Cabinet and is in charge of a department, such as the DCSF.

SoW Search for term SoW

Schemes of Work. Many schools take the QCA's schemes as the starting point for their lesson plans. They make their own decisions about how to best use this resource, remembering that the schemes are not statutory.

Speaking and Listening Search for term Speaking and Listening

Two of the four skills which are taught in Literacy. Teaching Speaking and Listening is a National Strategies initiative for secondary school teachers.

Special Educational Needs Search for term Special Educational Needs

A child with Special Educational Needs (SEN) is one who has been identified as having some form of educational need either as a result of learning difficulty or if they are deemed as being particularly bright or gifted.

Special measures Search for term Special measures

Schools which fail to give learners an acceptable standard of education, and in which the persons leading, managing or governing the school are not demonstrating the capacity to secure the necessary improvement.

Special school Search for term Special school

State schools in England and Wales which are provided by LAs for certain children with special educational needs, approved by the Secretary of State under section 188 of the Education Act 1993.

Specialist school Search for term Specialist school

Additional funding enables secondary schools to develop strengths in a particular specialist subject area, supported by industry to share resources and expertise, while still delivering the National Curriculum.

Specialist Schools and Academies Trust Search for term Specialist Schools and Academies Trust

The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust manages the DCSF's specialist schools and academies programmes.

Specialist Teaching Assistant Certificate Search for term Specialist Teaching Assistant Certificate

STAC is a course designed to equip adults with the knowledge, skills and understanding to work effectively with teachers in the class to support children's learning in particular core areas.

Specific formula grant Search for term Specific formula grant

This grant is distributed outside the general formula for pay funding as a specific or special grant, but with no conditions attached as to how it is spent.

Specific subject governor Search for term Specific subject governor

The terms Specific Subject, Link or Curricular Governor are often used for governors who are given responsibility for specific subjects.

Speech and language therapy Search for term Speech and language therapy

The process by which people who have problems with verbal communication are helped.

Sponsor governor Search for term Sponsor governor

A person appointed by the governing body, who gives, or has given substantial financial assistance (including assistance in kind) to the school.

Sport England Search for term Sport England

Sport England is committed to creating opportunities for people to start, stay and succeed in sport and is responsible for delivering the Government's sporting objectives.

Sports partnership mark Search for term Sports partnership mark

An annual award for schools which rewards delivery of the national PE, School Sport and Club Links strategy. Schools will be automatically assessed for Activemark, Sportsmark or the Sports Partnership Mark through the National School Sport Survey.

Sportsmark Search for term Sportsmark

An annual award for schools which rewards delivery of the national PE, School Sport and Club Links strategy. Schools will be automatically assessed for Activemark, Sportsmark or the Sports Partnership mark through the national school sport survey.

SQA Search for term SQA

The Scottish Qualifications Authority is the national body in Scotland responsible for the development, accreditation, assessment and certification of qualifications other than degrees.

SRB Search for term SRB

The Single Regeneration Budget programme aims to enhance the employment prospects, education and skills of local people and to tackle the needs of communities in the most deprived areas.

SRE Search for term SRE

Sex and Relationship Education. All maintained primary and secondary schools must provide SRE.

SRS Search for term SRS

The Safe Routes to Schools initiative encourages and enables children to walk and cycle to school through practical and educational measures.

SSA Search for term SSA

Standard Spending Assessment / Sector Skills Agreement

SSAT Search for term SSAT

The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust manages the DCSF's specialist schools and academies programmes.

SSC Search for term SSC

Each of the 25 Sector Skills Councils is an employer-led, independent organisation that covers a specific sector across the UK, providing a forum to express the skills needs that are pertinent to their sector.

SSD Search for term SSD

Social Services Department. Children's social services seek to promote the well-being of children in need and looked-after children by working in partnership with key agencies, service users and the community.

SSDA Search for term SSDA

The Sector Skills Development Agency is responsible for funding, supporting and monitoring the network of Sector Skills Councils (SSCs).

SSFA Search for term SSFA

School Standards and Framework Act 1998. This act includes legislation for new provision with respect to school education and the provision of nursery education otherwise than at school.

SSG Search for term SSG

The School Standards Grant is an annual lump-sum grant which every school receives (dependant on school size and type). It is allocated via local authorities, but LAs have no discretion over its distribution.

SSSS Search for term SSSS

The Secondary Subject Shortage Scheme was discontinued as of September 2006 and replaced with revised incentives for graduate teacher trainees.

SSTA Search for term SSTA

The Scottish Secondary Teachers' Association is Scotland's second largest teachers' union, set up to focus on secondary issues,

STA Search for term STA

School Travel Advisers are responsible for coordinating and promoting delivery of school travel plans, with consideration for sustainability.

STAC Search for term STAC

The Specialist Teaching Assistant Certificate is a course designed to equip adults with the knowledge, skills and understanding to work effectively with teachers in the class to support children's learning in particular core areas.

Staff cover scheme Search for term Staff cover scheme

Scheme run by LAs to cushion schools against the effects of long-term sickness.

Staff governor Search for term Staff governor

The headteacher and/or a person working at the school who is elected as a governor by people who are paid to work at the school.

Stakeholder Search for term Stakeholder

A person or organisation with a particular interest in a service being provided by the Government.

Standard Grade Search for term Standard Grade

Examinations usually taken by pupils in Scotland between the ages of 14 and 16. Pupils are assessed against performance standards related to the three levels of award - Foundation, General and Credit.

Standard Spending Assessment Search for term Standard Spending Assessment

SSA is an annual amount used by central government to determine the distribution of revenue support grant - now superseded by Formula Spending Share (FSS).

Standards and Effectiveness Unit Search for term Standards and Effectiveness Unit

The SEU was established to implement the Government's policies for raising standards of education in schools in England.

Standards fund Search for term Standards fund

The standards fund provides grants which reflect the Government's central priority of raising standards in schools.

Standards Site Search for term Standards Site

Formerly, a DCSF website disseminating guidance and examples of good practice in schools, to help raise standards in education. Content previously available on this site has now been moved to Schoolsweb.

Standing orders Search for term Standing orders

Orders made by an LA for the regulation of their proceedings and business.

STAR Award Search for term STAR Award

The STAR Awards recognise the outstanding tutors, trainers, managers and support staff working in post-16 learning and skills.

State nursery schools Search for term State nursery schools

These take children from the age of 3 or 4 and are open during school term time. They normally offer five half-day sessions a week.

State school Search for term State school

Otherwise known as publicly funded schools and attended by over 90% of pupils. Parents do not pay any fees. Scottish state schools are maintained and controlled by the LA.

Statement of action Search for term Statement of action

Statement of the action an LA intends to take to improve a school which requires special measures or significant improvement.

Statements of special educational needs Search for term Statements of special educational needs

These describe any learning difficulties which pupils have, and specify the extra help or equipment they need. Around 3% of school pupils nationally have statements.

Statistical first release Search for term Statistical first release

The latest statistics on all aspects of learning, training and children's services based on Department for Education and Skills research.

Statutory instrument Search for term Statutory instrument

Statutory instruments are powers granted through amendments or updates to Acts of Parliament, such as the fixing or fees or charges.

Statutory notice Search for term Statutory notice

A statutory notice should give the names of the school, or schools, for which an organisational change is proposed, or in the case of a new school, the address of the site proposed for the new school.

Statutory proposals Search for term Statutory proposals

Statutory proposals need to be published and approved before major changes to school organisation can be made. The five stages are Consultation, Publication, Representations, Decision and Implementation.

Statutory walking distance Search for term Statutory walking distance

Home-school distance which serves as a threshold, below which LAs do not have a duty to provide free transport. This is set at 2 miles for children up to the age of 8 and 3 miles for older children.

STP Search for term STP

A School Travel Plan sets out practical steps for improving children's safety on the school journey. This should be a whole-school initiative involving children, staff, parents, governors and the wider community.

STPCD Search for term STPCD

The School Teachers' Pay and Conditions Document details arrangements and guidance for teachers' pay and employment conditions in England and Wales, by which schools and LAs must abide.

Straight average Search for term Straight average

In pupil number projection, when calculating a straight average, each year's historical data are given equal importance. When calculating a weighted average, the greatest importance is given to the most recent data.

Strategy for Children and Learners Search for term Strategy for Children and Learners

The DCSF Five Year Strategy for Children and Learners: Maintaining the Excellent Progress sets out achievements to date and priorities up to 2009 and beyond.

STRB Search for term STRB

The School Teachers' Review Body was established in September 1991 to examine and report on matters relating to the statutory conditions of employment of school teachers in England and Wales.

Strengthening transfers and transitions Search for term Strengthening transfers and transitions

Seven LAs selected families of schools to engage in action research to explore what strengthens transfers and transitions and makes an impact on standards. They reflected a broad range of contexts and their projects identified a variety of approaches to accelerating progress across transfer between first to middle and primary to secondary schools.

Student / pupil voice Search for term Student / pupil voice

Pupil involvement in teaching, learning or school organisation. This includes pupil research through school councils, peer mentoring and curriculum advisory groups.

Student associates scheme Search for term Student associates scheme

A programme which encourages students in higher education to consider a teaching career. It allows students to gain classroom experience while pursuing their studies.

Study group Search for term Study group

A collaborative professional learning team with a shared focus working to develop resources and/or solutions on behalf of colleagues beyond the group.

Study support Search for term Study support

Voluntary out-of-school-hours learning. Study support aims to improve children's motivation, build their self-esteem and help them to become more effective learners.

Subject coordinator Search for term Subject coordinator

A coordinator for a particular subject within a school for one or more phases or key stages.

Subject Leader Development Materials / Meetings Search for term Subject Leader Development Materials / Meetings

SLDMs happen once a term and brief the subject leaders on developments in their subjects. The materials which we produce for these briefings bear the acronym.

Subject leadership Search for term Subject leadership

Subject leaders (also known as subject coordinators) provide leadership and direction for their subject area, ensuring that it is managed and organised to meet the needs of the school and the requirements of the National Curriculum. They also aim to improve the quality of teaching and learning in their subject to meet the needs and aspirations of all pupils, and to raise standards of achievement in the subject within a school.

Summative assessment Search for term Summative assessment

An evaluation undertaken at the conclusion of an activity or learning event to determine the effectiveness on pupil learning.

Superclass Search for term Superclass

Now known as the Learning Directory Classification System.

Supply teacher Search for term Supply teacher

A teacher who takes a class when the teacher who would normally take the class is unavailable.

Support pack Search for term Support pack

A type of publication produced by the National Strategies, to support teachers to raise standards in specific areas in their classrooms.

Support staff Search for term Support staff

Clerical, welfare, technical, caretaking or supervisory staff employed in schools. Sometimes used to refer exclusively to teaching assistants.

Supporting pedagogy Search for term Supporting pedagogy

Supporting pedagogy is a collection of cross-phase resources to help support teaching at Early Years, Primary and Secondary stages; providing guidance and links to publications that will enable teachers and practitioners to draw on a range of working theories.

Supporting pupils with autistic spectrum disorders Search for term Supporting pupils with autistic spectrum disorders

Supporting pupils with autistic spectrum disorders support teachers and teaching assistants who have children with a range of special educational needs in their class, gives and overview of the difficulties children experience, examples of the ways in which children with autistic spectrum disorders learn mathematics differently, and explains how teachers and teaching assistants can support such children.

Supporting pupils with dyscalculia Search for term Supporting pupils with dyscalculia

See "Supporting pupils with dyslexia"

Supporting pupils with dyslexia Search for term Supporting pupils with dyslexia

This guidance supports teachers and teaching assistants who have children with a range of special educational needs in their class. This leaflet contains a brief description of the difficulties children experience, examples of the ways in which children with dyslexia and dyscalculia learn English and mathematics differently, guidance on how teachers and teaching assistants can support such children, and further references.

Supporting pupils with hearing impairment Search for term Supporting pupils with hearing impairment

Supporting pupils with hearing impairment support teachers and teaching assistants who have children with a range of special educational needs in their class. It gives an overview of difficulties children experience, examples of the ways in which children with hearing impairments learn mathematics differently and explains how teachers and teaching assistants can support such children.

Supporting pupils with speech and language difficulties Search for term Supporting pupils with speech and language difficulties

Supporting pupils with speech and language difficulties support teachers and teaching assistants who have children with a range of special educational needs in their class. It gives an overview of the difficulties children experience, examples of the ways in which children with speech and language difficulties learn mathematics differently, and advice on how teachers and teaching assistants can support such children.

Supporting pupils with visual impairment Search for term Supporting pupils with visual impairment

Supporting pupils with visual impairment supports teachers and teaching assistants who have children with a range of special educational needs in their class. It gives an overview of difficulties children experience, examples of the ways in which children with visual impairment learn mathematics differently and explains how teachers and teaching assistants can support such children.

Sure Start Search for term Sure Start

A cross-departmental strategy to improve services for children under 4 and their families in disadvantaged areas, intended to support the development of at least 250 local programmes across England.

Survival rate Search for term Survival rate

A measure of the net effect of natural pupil turnover from one year to the next, as pupils transfer to or from individual schools for a wide variety of reasons.

Sustainable development Search for term Sustainable development

Sustainable development is development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs

Sustainable schools Search for term Sustainable schools

Sustainable schools are models of sustainable living in their communities, demonstrating good practice by incorporating environmental projects in the school grounds and exploring sustainable-development issues in the curriculum.

SVQ Search for term SVQ

Scottish Vocational Qualifications are equivalent to the NVQ qualification in the rest of the UK.

Sweeper bus Search for term Sweeper bus

Bus timetabled to cater for pupils staying on the school site beyond the normal day.

Synthetic phonics Search for term Synthetic phonics

Synthetic phonics teaches children to decode words from their constituent sounds or phonemes and is the learning method recommended to be used in the National Literacy Strategy.

Schema theory Search for term Schema theory

Identifies prior knowledge as vital to the creation of new learning, and helps to explain the relationship between established understanding and new understanding.

Shared reading Search for term Shared reading

In shared reading the teacher, as an expert reader, models the reading process by reading the text to the learners. The teacher demonstrates use of cues and strategies which support interpretation and evaluation. Learners have opportunities to join in with the reading, and thereby become confident in using these strategies independently.

SIIF Search for term SIIF

Science and Innovations Investment Framework. Now superseded by Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)

SLCN Search for term SLCN

See Speech, language and communication needs (SLCN)

Socratic discussion Search for term Socratic discussion

The layout of the classroom is crucial to the success of this approach and requires a central group of tables for the discussion group with the remainder of the class, observers, seated around the room. Each pupil observing is assigned a particular pupil or aspect of discussion for the focus of their observations. In this way each pupil in the discussion group will have several 'observers' during the discussion. The observers are provided with guidance for their observations. At the end of the discussion, the teacher leads an evaluation where the observers are invited to comment.

Specific learning difficulties (SpLD) Search for term Specific learning difficulties (SpLD)

SpLD refers to pupils who have a particular difficulty in learning to read, write, spell, or manipulate numbers so that their performance in these areas is below their performance in other areas. See also: Special educational needs (SEN), Speech, language and communication needs (SLCN).

Speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) Search for term Speech, language and communication needs (SLCN)

Pupils with SLCN may have difficulty in understanding and/or making others understand information conveyed through spoken language.  Their acquisition of speech and their oral language skills may be significantly behind their peers. Their speech may be poor or unintelligible. See also: Inclusion Development Programme (IDP).

SpLD Search for term SpLD

See Specific learning difficulties (SpLD).

Stance Search for term Stance

Refers to the relationship between speakers which could be concerned with social position/gender/class/status.

Standard English Search for term Standard English

The variety of English that does not show any of the variations that are considered to be ungrammatical in regional dialects of English.

STEM Search for term STEM

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. Formerly known as Science and Innovations Investment Framework (SIIF)

Study Plus Search for term Study Plus

Study Plus is the approach to Key Stage 4 intervention in English and mathematics developed by the Secondary National Strategy. The SNS materials support schools in planning a Study Plus course that is tailored to meet the specific needs of their pupils.